In the garden of Eden, there was no carnivores. Both people and animals ate plants. Genesis 1:29-30 tells us: “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.”
At the beginning, God didn’t design that people should massacre animals for food, or that animals should prey on one another; therefore, the sad destruction of life by man and animals is a direct result of the entrance of sin into the world (Romans 5:12).
After the flood
Only after the flood, the Lord allowed people to eat of the flesh of animals (Genesis 9:3) and for animals to be carnivores. “The fear and dread of you will fall on all the beasts of the earth, and on all the birds in the sky, on every creature that moves along the ground, and on all the fish in the sea; they are given into your hands. Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything.”
This provision was due the temporary ruin of all plant life during the Flood and the exhaustion of the food reserves that Noah and his family took into ark. Because of this emergency, God allowed people to eat the flesh of clean animals (Ex. 22:31; Lev. 22:8).
In the New Earth
Even ancient heathen myths tell us of a golden age of goodness, when people didn’t kill or destroy animals (Ovid Met. I. 103-106). Further, the prophecies of the new earth by the prophet Isaiah (ch. 65:25) tell us that no animal will be killed then. In the New earth, there will be no sin and therefore no shedding of innocent blood. “The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, the lion shall eat straw like the ox …They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,” says the Lord.” God’s intends that animals and humans live together in harmony and peace. Animals will eat plants in h.
Thus, according to the Bible account in Genesis, humans and animals were herbivores in Eden and until the flood and will also be so in the New Earth.
In His service,