What’s the spiritual condition of the church of Ephesus?


By BibleAsk Team

The spiritual condition of the church of Ephesus, as depicted in the book of Revelation, offers profound insights into the challenges and strengths experienced by this early Christian community. In Revelation 2:1-7, the Lord Jesus Christ addresses the church of Ephesus through the Apostle John, providing commendations for their diligence and discernment, yet also admonishing them for forsaking their first love. By examining this passage and related scriptures in the Bible, we can gain a comprehensive understanding of its spiritual condition.

Historical Background:

Some define the name Ephesus as meaning “desirable.” In John’s day, Ephesus was the leading city of the Roman province of Asia, and later was its capital. It was located at the western terminus of a great highway that crossed Asia Minor from Syria, and this, together with its seaport on the Aegean, made it a major city for trade.

Christianity was introduced there about a.d. 52, by Paul, when he stopped while homeward bound to Jerusalem and Antioch from his Second Missionary Journey. His friends Aquila and Priscilla settled there at that time with Apollos and evangelized until Paul’s return (Acts 18:19 to 19:7). When he returned, the apostle remained at Ephesus for about three years, longer than at any other place on his recorded missionary journeys. This is an indication that his work was successful there.

Luke, declares that “all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks” (Acts 19:10). It seems that some of the other churches in Asia were established during this time (Colossians 4:13, 15, 16). After his first Roman imprisonment, Paul appears to have visited Ephesus again, probably about a.d. 64 (1 Timothy 1:3).

Nothing is clearly known of the history of the church at Ephesus until it is mentioned again about three decades later in the Revelation. However, tradition indicates that John, the beloved disciple of Jesus, became the leader of this church after the breakup of the Christian headquarters at Jerusalem about a.d. 68, during the Jewish-Roman War. Thus, at the time the Revelation was written, Ephesus was one of the main centers of Christianity.

The church’s spiritual condition is characteristic of the church during the apostolic period, the era of Christian history reaching approximately to the end of the 1st century. It was called the Age of Apostolic Purity, an characteristic highly favorable in God’s sight.

Commendations for the Church of Ephesus:

  1. Revelation 2:2-3 (NKJV):
    • “I know your works, your labor, your patience, and that you cannot bear those who are evil. And you have tested those who say they are apostles and are not and have found them liars; and you have persevered and have patience and have labored for My name’s sake and have not become weary.” The Lord commends the church of Ephesus for their diligence, perseverance, and discernment. They have diligently worked for the sake of Christ, showing patience and endurance in the face of trials and false teachings.
  2. Revelation 2:6 (NKJV):
    • “But this you have, that you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.” The church of Ephesus is praised for their hatred of the Nicolaitans’ deeds. The Nicolaitans were likely a sect or group promoting false teachings or immoral practices, and the Ephesian Christians’ rejection of their deeds demonstrates their commitment to biblical truth and righteousness.

Areas of Concern and Exhortation:

  1. Revelation 2:4-5 (NKJV):
    • “Nevertheless, I have this against you, that you have left your first love. Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent and do the first works, or else I will come to you quickly and remove your lampstand from its place – unless you repent.” Despite their commendable qualities, the church of Ephesus is rebuked for forsaking their first love – their initial fervor and passion for Christ. The Lord calls them to remember their former devotion, repent of their spiritual decline, and return to their first love through genuine acts of love and service.
  2. Revelation 2:7 (NKJV):
    • “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the midst of the Paradise of God.” The Lord concludes His message to the church of Ephesus with a call to heed His words and overcome the spiritual challenges they face. Those who overcome will receive the reward of eternal life and communion with God in paradise.

Additional Insights into the Spiritual Condition of the Church of Ephesus:

  1. Historical Background:
    • The city of Ephesus was a prominent center of commerce and culture in the ancient world, as well as a hub of religious diversity and idolatry. The church of Ephesus likely faced significant pressure from the surrounding culture and religious influences, necessitating vigilance and discernment.
  2. Symbolism of the Lampstand:
    • The threat of having their lampstand removed symbolizes the potential loss of their status as a faithful witness and representative of Christ in the world. The lampstand metaphor underscores the importance of shining the light of Christ through faithful obedience and love.
  3. Call to Repentance and Restoration:
    • The Lord’s call to repentance and restoration highlights His desire for reconciliation and renewal within the church of Ephesus. Repentance involves acknowledging and turning away from spiritual complacency and rekindling their fervent love for Christ and one another.

Lessons for Contemporary Believers:

  1. Maintaining Spiritual Vigilance:
    • The church of Ephesus teaches us the importance of remaining vigilant against spiritual compromise and false teachings in the midst of cultural pressures and influences.
  2. Prioritizing Love for Christ:
    • The Lord’s admonition to return to their first love reminds us of the centrality of love for Christ in our Christian walk. Love for Christ should fuel our devotion, obedience, and service to Him and others.
  3. Embracing the Call to Repentance:
    • The call to repentance and restoration underscores the ongoing need for humility, self-examination, and repentance in the life of the believer and the corporate body of Christ. Repentance leads to renewal and restoration of spiritual vitality and intimacy with God.


The spiritual condition of the church of Ephesus, as depicted in Revelation 2:1-7, offers timeless lessons and insights for contemporary believers. While commended for their diligence and discernment, the church of Ephesus faced the sobering reality of spiritual decline and the loss of their first love for Christ. The Lord’s call to repentance and restoration serves as a poignant reminder of the ongoing need for spiritual vigilance, devotion, and renewal within the body of Christ. As we heed the Lord’s words to the church of Ephesus, may we remain steadfast in our love for Christ, vigilant against spiritual compromise, and committed to faithful obedience and service in His name.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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