Why is there twenty-four elders?


By BibleAsk Team

The Twenty-Four Elders

The twenty-four elders depicted in the book of Revelation stand as enigmatic figures within the heavenly throne room vision presented by John. Their identity, significance, and role in the divine drama unfold amidst the apocalyptic imagery and symbolic language of the book. This article aims to delve into the mystery of the twenty-four elders, drawing insights from the Bible and examining their identity, significance, and functions within the celestial realm as portrayed in Revelation.

Identity of the Twenty-Four Elders:

  1. Representatives of the Redeemed: One interpretation posits that the twenty-four elders symbolize representatives of the redeemed community of believers—those who have been redeemed by the blood of the Lamb and have overcome through faith (Revelation 5:9-10). Their depiction as elders suggests wisdom, maturity, and authority within the heavenly assembly, reflecting their exalted status as co-heirs with Christ.
  2. Representation of Israel and the Church: Another view identifies the twenty-four elders as symbolic representatives of the twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles of the Church, signifying the unity and continuity of God’s covenant people throughout salvation history (Revelation 21:12-14). This interpretation underscores the cosmic significance of the elders’ role in bearing witness to God’s redemptive plan for both Israel and the Church.
  3. Angelic Beings: Some scholars propose that the twenty-four elders may represent a distinct order of angelic beings or heavenly courtiers who serve alongside the angelic host in worshiping and glorifying God (Revelation 4:4). Their role as elders may reflect their status as wise counselors and ministers of divine justice within the celestial hierarchy.

Their Significance:

  1. Participants in Divine Worship: Throughout the book of Revelation, the twenty-four elders are depicted as active participants in the worship and adoration of God, joining with the angelic host in proclaiming His holiness, power, and majesty (Revelation 4:10-11; 5:8-10). Their presence in the heavenly throne room underscores the centrality of worship in the divine economy and serves as a model for believers on earth to offer praise and thanksgiving to God.
  2. Witnesses to Divine Judgment and Redemption: As witnesses to the unfolding drama of divine judgment and redemption, the twenty-four elders play a significant role in bearing testimony to God’s sovereignty and righteousness (Revelation 11:16-18; 19:4). Their presence signifies the affirmation of God’s righteous judgments and the vindication of His faithful servants throughout history.
  3. Represent the church: The twenty-four elders are depicted as holding golden bowls full of incense, which are identified as the prayers of the saints (Revelation 5:8). The elders represent Christ’s triumphant church on earth, lifting its voice in song and prayer (Revelation 8:3-4). This action highlights the importance of prayer in the divine economy.

Their Functions:

  1. Offering Worship and Adoration: The primary function of the twenty-four elders is to offer continuous worship and adoration to God, ascribing glory, honor, and power to Him who sits on the throne (Revelation 4:10-11). Their worshipful response reflects the reverent awe and gratitude of all creation toward the Creator and underscores the eternal praise that emanates from the heavenly throne room.
  2. Bearing Witness to Divine Sovereignty: As witnesses to the divine throne room, the twenty-four elders bear testimony to God’s sovereignty and authority over all creation (Revelation 4:4; 5:14). Their presence serves as a reminder of God’s eternal reign and His righteous judgments, which are executed with wisdom and justice for the redemption of His people and the restoration of all things.
  3. Participating in Eschatological Events: Throughout the book of Revelation, they are depicted as active participants in the eschatological events leading up to the culmination of God’s redemptive purposes. They are seen rejoicing over the Lamb’s victory (Revelation 5:8-10), offering praise for the defeat of the dragon (Revelation 12:11), and declaring the fulfillment of God’s judgment and salvation (Revelation 19:4). In their role as witnesses and participants, the twenty-four elders contribute to the unfolding drama of God’s plan for the consummation of His kingdom.


In conclusion, the twenty-four elders portrayed in the book of Revelation embody the mystery and majesty of the heavenly realm, serving as symbolic representations of redeemed humanity or celestial beings who participate in divine worship, bear witness to God’s sovereignty, and play a significant role in the eschatological events leading up to the consummation of God’s kingdom. While their precise identity and functions may remain shrouded in mystery, their presence in the heavenly throne room underscores the central importance of worship and witness in the divine economy. As believers, we are invited to join with the heavenly chorus in offering praise and thanksgiving to God, recognizing His sovereign reign over all creation and His redemptive plan for humanity.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Leave a Reply

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments