What does the Bible tell us about the nature of Jesus Christ?
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About the nature of Christ, the Bible tells us that He is divine in the absolute sense of the word and He is also human except that He “knew no sin” (2 Cor. 5:21). The Bible repeatedly proclaims this truth (Luke 1:35; Rom. 1:3; 8:3; Gal. 4:4; Phil. 2:6–8; Col. 2:9; 1 Tim. 3:16; Heb. 1:2, 8; 2:14–18; 10:5; 1 John 1:2; etc.).
From the days of eternity, the Lord Jesus Christ was one with the Father, but He chose to give back His glorified position, and to step down from the throne of the universe,” in order “that He might dwell among us, and make us familiar with His divine nature and character. In John 17:5 Jesus prays the Father, “Glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.”
Though Christ was originally “in the form of God” He “did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself,” and, “being born in the likeness of men,” was “found in human form” (Phil. 2:6–8, RSV). In Him was “all the fullness of the Godhead bodily” (Col. 2:9); nevertheless, “in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren” (Heb. 2:17). In no sense did Christ cease to be God when He became man.
The divine nature and the human nature, were blended into one person. Divinity was clothed with humanity, not exchanged for it. The two natures became closely and inseparably one, yet each remained distinct (John 1:1–3, 14; Mark 16:6; Phil. 2:6–8; Col. 2:9; Heb. 2:14–17). Although, as a man, He could have sinned but He did not. He was “tempted like as we are, yet without sin” (Heb. 4:15).
Christ became one of us to reveal the Father’s love, to suffer for our sins, and redeem us from sin (Heb. 2:14–17). The eternal Word, who had ever been with the Father (John 1:1) became Immanuel, “God with us” (Matt. 1:23). And now, He has become our high priest in the Heavenly Sanctuary (Hebrews 8).
John and the disciples bore eyewitness testimony to the fact that “the Word was made flesh” (John 1:14; 21:24; 1 John 1:1, 2; 2 Peter 1:16-18). Some of the disciples witnessed the glory of God come upon Him at the transfiguration and heard the Father proclaim, “This is my beloved Son” (Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35) and during various occasions when the glory of Heaven illumined His countenance (Luke 2:48). The Christian faith is built upon the truth that God’s divine “glory” rested upon a historical person, Jesus of Nazareth.
In His service,