What is the greatest commandment?

Author: BibleAsk Team


The Greatest Commandment

Jesus was asked this same question by the rabbis: “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?” (Matthew 22:36). Jesus answered the rabbis saying, ”You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the first and great commandment (verse 22:37-38).

The Ten Commandments are divided into two sections. The first four commandments deal with our relationship with God (Exodus 20: 2-11) and the last six commandments deal with our relationship with mankind (Exodus 20:12-17). The rabbis, who arranged all the commandments of the law in a hierarchy of importance, exalted the first four commandments as being more important than the last six. As a result, they failed when it came to practical religion towards their fellow men.

In Jesus answer,  He was quoting from Deuteronomy 6:5 (Luke 10:27). For the first four commandment that deal with God, there must first be love in the heart before a person can, in the strength and by the grace of Christ, begin to keep the commandments of God’s law (Romans 8:3, 4). Obedience without love is impossible and worthless. But when love for the Lord is present, a person will automatically set out to order his life in harmony with the will of God as expressed in His commandments (John 14:15; 15:10). Love for God will be revealed in every aspect of one’s life.

Then Jesus added, “And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Matthew 22:39). Jesus, here,quotes from Leviticus 19:18 where “neighbor” refers to a fellow Israelite. However, Jesus widened the definition of “neighbor” to include all who are in need of help (Luke 10:29–37). It is the nature of man to put self-first, without paying attention to the obligations he has to God and men. So, to be completely selfless in dealing with others, a man must first love God supremely. This is the very foundation of all godly character.

Jesus summed it all up saying, “On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets” (Matthew 22:40). Jesus was the first to unite the thoughts of Deuteronomy 6:4, 5 and Leviticus 19:18 as “the whole duty of man.” He confirmed the truths of the Old Testament which is love for God and love for man. And He added, “If you love Me, keep My commandments” (John 14:15 also 15:14).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Categories Law

Leave a Comment