The pastor is also called a shepherd. The shepherd tends to his flock by bringing it to good pastures. Therefore, the pastor in the church is to present the truth to his members from the pastures of God’s Word. This was what Jesus commanded Peter to do three times (John 21:15–17). And He gave this commission to all the disciples: “Go [a]therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:19).
The Lord instructed, “The elders who are among you I exhort, I who am a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that will be revealed: Shepherd the flock of God which is among you, serving as overseers, not by compulsion but willingly, not for dishonest gain but eagerly” (1 Peter 5:2).
The duty the pastor includes the following:
- Preaching to the believers God’s truth and bringing the believers to a knowledge of the good news. Paul wrote, “To me, who am less than the least of all the saints, this grace was given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, and to make all see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the ages has been hidden in God who created all things through Jesus Christ; to the intent that now the manifold wisdom of God might be made known by the church to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places, according to the eternal purpose which He accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Ephesians 3:8–11 also 1 Corinthians 2:4–7).
And the pastor is to give his church members an experience in the power of salvation (John 3:11; 2 Corinthians 4:13), rightly dividing the Word of God (2 Timothy 2:15), thus wisely guiding them in their spiritual walk with the Lord.
- Praying for the members. Paul wrote, “without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers” (Romans 1:9 also John 17:9–17; Ephesians 1:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:3).
- Administering the ordinances of the Lord’s house in their deep spiritual meaning: baptism (Romans 6:3–6), foot washing (John 13:3–17), and the Lord’s Supper (Matthew 26:26–30; 1 Corinthians 11:23–30).
- Keeping the the church pure from fallacies. Paul wrote, “As I urged … that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification which is in faith” (1 Timothy 1:3, 4 also Jude 3; 4:6, 7, 16; 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:14; 2:25; 3:14–17).
- Working for the conversion of souls and adding them to the flock. Luke wrote, “And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved” (Acts 2:47 also 11:24; Luke 14:23).
In His service,