What is the blessing of Abraham?


By BibleAsk Team

The Blessing of Abraham

The blessing of Abraham is a significant concept in the Bible, particularly in the Old Testament. It is rooted in the covenant that God made with Abraham, a key figure in the biblical narrative. The blessing of Abraham encompasses various promises and privileges that were bestowed upon him by God, forming a foundational aspect of faith.

The foundation of the blessing of Abraham is found in the book of Genesis, where God initiates a covenant with him. In Genesis 12:1-3 (NKJV), God calls Abraham to leave his country and promises to bless him:

“Now the Lord had said to Abram: ‘Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you, all the families of the earth shall be blessed.'”

This initial covenant sets the stage for the unfolding of the blessing of Abraham. God promises to make Abraham’s descendants into a great nation and assures him of divine favor and protection.

The theme is further developed in Genesis 15, where God reaffirms His covenant with Abraham and provides more details about the promised blessing. In verse 5 (NKJV), God takes Abraham outside and tells him to look at the stars, promising that his descendants will be as numerous as the stars in the sky:

“Then He brought him outside and said, ‘Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.’ And He said to him, ‘So shall your descendants be.'” This imagery emphasizes the abundance and multiplicity of the blessings that God has in store for Abraham and his descendants.

As the narrative progresses, the blessing of Abraham is reiterated in Genesis 17, where God establishes the covenant of circumcision as a sign of the enduring nature of His promises. In verses 4-7 (NKJV), God emphasizes His commitment to bless Abraham and make him exceedingly fruitful:

“As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you. And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you.”

The blessing of Abraham is not only about material prosperity but also about a deep, covenantal relationship with God. It extends beyond temporal blessings to encompass spiritual significance and divine purpose.

In the New Testament

In the New Testament, the blessing of Abraham is further explored and understood in light of Christ. In Galatians 3:6-9 (NKJV), the Apostle Paul references the blessing of Abraham in the context of faith and righteousness:

“Just as Abraham ‘believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.’ Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, ‘In you, all the nations shall be blessed.’ So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.”

Paul emphasizes the universality of the blessing, indicating that it extends to all who share in Abraham’s faith. This connects the blessing of Abraham to the broader redemptive work of God through Jesus Christ.


The blessing of Abraham is a concept deeply rooted in the biblical narrative. It encompasses promises of prosperity, numerous descendants, divine favor, and a covenantal relationship with God. The Bible references provided highlight key passages that illuminate the unfolding of this blessing from the Old Testament to the New Testament, emphasizing its enduring significance in the biblical theology of blessing and covenant.

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