What does Genesis 6:2 mean?


By BibleAsk Team

Genesis 6:2 is a puzzling and often debated passage of the Bible. It’s a passage that has sparked various interpretations and theories throughout history. To comprehensively address this topic, we’ll delve into the biblical text, consider historical contexts, explore different perspectives, and examine the implications of this passage within the framework of the Bible.

Understanding the Passage of Genesis 6:2:

Genesis 6:1-4 (NKJV) reads:

“Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose. And the Lord said, ‘My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.’ There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.”

Interpretation of Genesis 6:2:

Some interpret this verse to mean that the “sons of God” were fallen angels who cohabited with human women, producing a hybrid offspring known as Nephilim or giants. But let’s allow the Bible to interpret itself. Luke, in giving the chronology of Jesus, said “Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God” (Luke 3:38).  Here, Luke refers to Adam as the son of God. Also, John refers to the believers as the sons of God: “Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not” (John 3 : 1). So, the “sons of God” is a term referring to the saints.

There’s nowhere in the Bible that gives the slightest indication that Angels procreate. Angels are spirits (Hebrews 1:14) and spirits don’t have flesh and bones (Luke 24:39). In fact, Jesus Himself said, “For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven” (Matthew 22:30). Therefore, the idea that angels intermarried with human women is not biblical.

A correct interpretation suggests that the “sons of God” were the descendants of Seth, Adam and Eve’s Son. Seth and his descendants feared the Lord while Cain and his children did not worship the Lord.  As long as these two groups remained separate, the truth of God was preserved. But when the sons of God (Seth’s male children) began to marry those that did not worship God (Cain’s daughters), sin spread without restrain.  That’s why the next verse says God said, “My Spirit shall not strive[a] with man forever” (Genesis 6:3, NKJV). This widespread of sin led to the flood and the destruction of the wicked.

    Exploring Theological Perspectives of Genesis 6:2:

    The passage contrasts the godly descendants of Seth with the ungodly descendants of Cain. The intermarriage between these two groups resulted in moral decline and the spread of wickedness. This passage serves as a warning against compromising one’s faith and values by forming alliances with those who do not share a commitment to God. It highlights the importance of maintaining spiritual integrity and fidelity to God’s commandments.

    Implications and Reflections on Genesis 6:2:

    1. Ethical and Moral Lessons: The passage raises important ethical and moral consideration about the consequences of human choices, the nature of spiritual compromise, and the need for fidelity to God’s commands.
    2. Discernment and Spiritual Vigilance: The passage underscores the importance of discernment and spiritual vigilance in maintaining faithfulness to God amidst cultural pressures and societal influences.


    In conclusion, the passage in Genesis 6:2 is understood as the godly descendants of Seth marrying the ungodly daughters of Cain. The passage serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of forsaking one’s faith and values in pursuit of worldly desires. Ultimately, it calls readers to cultivate spiritual discernment, moral integrity, and fidelity to God’s commands in the face of cultural pressures and societal influences.

    In His service,
    BibleAsk Team

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