What does the Bible tell us about the nature and ministry of Jesus Christ?

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The Bible provides enough information to enable the believers to understand in part the nature and ministry of Christ. Let’s examine these truths:

1. The Godhead. The Godhead, or Trinity, comprises of three persons—the eternal Father, the Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the eternal Father, and the Holy Spirit (Matt. 28:19; John 1:1, 2; 6:27; 14:16, 17, 26; Acts 5:3, 4; Eph. 4:4–6; Heb. 1:1–3, 8; John 1:1–3, 14).

2. The Deity and Pre-existence of Christ. Jesus Christ is God in the ultimate sense of the word—in nature, in wisdom, in authority, and in power (Isa. 9:6; Micah 5:2; John 1:1–3; 8:58; 14:8–11; Col. 1:15–17; 2:9; Heb. 1:8; see on Micah 5:2; Matt. 1:1, 23; Luke 1:35; John 1:1–3; 16:28; Phil. 2:6–8; Col. 2:9).

3. The Humanity of Christ. The Lord Jesus Christ was a real human being except that He “knew no sin” (2 Cor. 5:21; Luke 24:39; John 1:14; Rom. 1:3, 4; 5:15; Gal. 4:4; Phil. 2:7; 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb. 2:14, 17; 1 John 1:1; 4:2; 2 John 7; Matt. 1:23; John 1:14; Phil. 2:6–8).

4. The Incarnation of Christ. The incarnation was a true, complete union of the divine and human natures in the one individual, Jesus Christ. Each nature, was preserved distinct from the other (Matt. 1:20; Luke 1:35; John 1:14; Phil. 2:5–8; 1 Tim. 3:16; 1 John 4:2, 3; Matt. 1:18; John 1:14; 16:28; Phil. 2:6–8).

5. The Subordination of Christ. Jesus Christ voluntarily bore the limitations of human nature at the incarnation and subordinated Himself to the Father during His earthly ministry (Ps. 40:8; Matt. 26:39; John 3:16; 4:34; 5:19, 30; 12:49; 14:10; 17:4, 8; 2 Cor. 8:9; Phil. 2:7, 8; Heb. 2:9; Luke 1:35; 2:49; John 3:16; 4:34; Phil. 2:7, 8).

6. The Sinless Perfection of Christ. Though liable to temptation and “in all points tempted like as we are,” Jesus was nevertheless altogether “without sin” (Matt. 4:1–11; Rom. 8:3, 4; 2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 2:10; 4:15; 1 Peter 2:21, 22; 1 John 3:5; Matt. 4:1–11; 26:38, 41; Luke 2:40, 52; Heb. 2:17; 4:15).

7. The Vicarious Death of Christ. The sacrifice of Christ provided complete atonement for the sins of all people (Isa. 53:4–6; John 3:14–17; 1 Cor. 15:3; Heb. 9:14; 1 Peter 3:18; 4:1; 1 John 2:2; Isa. 53:4; Matt. 16:13).

8. The Resurrection of Christ. In His divinity, Christ had power not only to give His life but to take it up again, when resurrected from the grave by His Father (John 10:18; Acts 13:32, 33; Rom. 1:3, 4; 1 Cor. 15:3–22; Heb. 13:20; 1 Peter 1:3).

9. The Ascension of Christ. The Redeemer ascended to heaven in His glorified body that He may minister on behalf of the believers (Mark 16:19; Luke 24:39; John 14:1–3; 16:28; 20:17; Acts 1:9–11; Rom. 8:34; 1 Tim. 3:16; Heb. 7:25; 8:1, 2; 9:24; 1 John 2:1, 2; Acts 1:9–11).

10. The Exaltation of Christ. Upon His return to heaven, Christ resumed His status that He had with the Father before His incarnation (Matt. 28:18; John 12:23; 17:5; Eph. 1:19–22; Phil. 2:8, 9; Col. 1:18; 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb. 1:3; 2:9; 1 Peter 1:11; Phil. 2:9).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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