Was David the eighth or seventh son of Jesse?

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Eight or seventh?

Was David the eighth or seventh son of Jesse? Some don’t understand the difference between 1 Samuel 17:12 and 1 Chronicles 2:13-15. Let’s read these verses:

“Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul” (1 Samuel 17:12).

“And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, ozem the sixth, David the seventh” (1 Chronicles 2:13-15).

First Samuel 16 states that Jesse made seven sons pass before the prophet Samuel, in hopes that God would anoint one of them as the next king of Israel (16:10). Samuel then informed Jesse that God had not chosen any of these seven sons that passed before him, but was looking for another. Of course, that other son was David, “the youngest” (16:11) of Jesse’s “eight sons” (17:12).

Then in the genealogy in 1 Chronicles 2:13-15, it specifically states that David was “the seventh” son of Jesse. How is it that David could be both the seventh son and eighth son of Jesse?

The answer is really quite simple. It seems that one of Jesse’s sons shown to Samuel at Bethlehem must have died while young and without posterity. Thus, at one time David was the youngest of eight sons, and at another time he was the youngest of seven sons.

Who was David?

The Bible records that David was the king of the united monarchy of Israel and Judah. In the Books of Samuel, David starts his life as a young shepherd who gains fame by killing the giant Goliath, the hero of the Philistines. He became one of the generals of King Saul and a close friend of Saul’s son Jonathan. But the king became Jealous of David’s popularity and set his heart to kill David, leading the latter to escape as a fugitive for several years. After Saul and Jonathan were killed in battle against the Philistines, a 30-year old David was anointed king over all Israel. And he captured Jerusalem, setting the city as his capital, and taking the Ark of the Covenant into the city.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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