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Whether or not a Christian should celebrate the Jewish feasts is a matter of conscience for the individual Christian. Paul in his letters showed that the Lord did away with the Mosaic Laws with its yearly sabbath feasts (Colossians 2:16; Ephesians 2:15; Galatians 4:9, 20), while the weekly seventh day Sabbath of Creation remains (4:4, 9, 10).
“Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ” (Colossians 2:16-17); “Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace” (Ephesians 2:15).
There were seven yearly holy days, or holidays, in ancient Israel which were also called sabbaths. These were in addition to, or “beside the Sabbaths of the Lord” (Leviticus 23:38), or seventh-day Sabbath. These feasts foreshadowed, or pointed to, the cross and ended at the cross. God’s seventh-day Sabbath was made before sin entered, and therefore could foreshadow nothing about deliverance from sin. That’s why Colossians chapter 2 differentiates and specifically mentions the sabbaths that were “a shadow.” These seven yearly sabbath feasts which were abolished are listed in Leviticus chapter 23.
Christians are not bound to observe the Jewish feasts the way an Old Testament Jew was, but we should not criticize another believer who does or does not observe these special days and feasts (Romans 14:5). While it is not required for Christians to celebrate the Jewish feasts, it is beneficial to study them. And for both Jews and non-Jews who have placed their faith in Jesus, these special feasts demonstrate the work of redemption.
In His service,