Paul figuratively describes the children of God who lived before the advent as being “under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father” (ch. 4:2). “But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons” (v. 4).
Some have interpreted this phrase “under a tutor” to mean being “under the condemnation of law.” But that is not what Paul is saying for it is not the function of a “tutor” to condemn but to guard and protect (v. 24). Paul, in Galatians 3, is only against gaining righteousness by keeping the law instead of by faith (vs. 1–3, 7, 11, 14, 21; etc.).
So, what happened to these laws “our schoolmaster” when Christ came? The ceremonial laws ceased for Christ’s sacrifice took the place of animal sacrifices, and thus the laws governing such sacrifices ended. As regards the civil statutes, they lost their significance when Israel ended as a nation, or state, and spiritual Israel (the church) took its place. As regards the moral law (Ten Commandments) it is to be written on the heart of man (Hebrews 10:16). Believers that are “justified by faith” (v. 24) in Christ become new creatures (2 Corinthians 5:17), with the law of God written in their minds and hearts (Hebrews 8:10). And thus “the righteousness [or requirements] of the law” is “fulfilled” in them (Romans 8:4).
It is difficult to understand how anyone can conclude that Paul is here announcing the abolition of the Ten Commandments, God’s great moral law. So long as the new hearts and minds of the children of God last, the divine law, in living characters, is written upon them.
In His service,