How many children did Adam and Eve have?

Adam and Eve’s first son was named Cain and the second son was named Abel (Genesis 4:1-2). After Cain murdered his brother Abel, they begat another son named Seth. This third son was “begotten when Adam was 130 years old” (Genesis 5:3). The scriptures tell us that after Seth, they “begot sons and daughters” (Genesis 5:3-4). However, there is no mention of the exact number of their children.

Bible scholars assume that Adam and Eve had a large family that consisted of many children and grandchildren. This assumption is based on the Bible telling us that Adam lived to be 930 years old (Genesis 5:5).  This is about ten times longer than most people live today.  With this in mind, taking today’s fertility at the antediluvian time it would be about 350 years. If they had just one child every seven years of her fertility, then this would result in them having 50 children. This is a conservative estimate, as it is likely that they obeyed God’s first commission to: “be fruitful and multiply …” [Genesis 1:28]. 

It is interesting to note that there is a tradition outside the Scripture that can’t be proven in The Works of Josephus* which states that:

“The number of Adam’s children, as says the old tradition, was 33 sons and 23 daughters.”

While we don’t know the exact number, it is important to note that his son Seth was born “in his own likeness, and after his image” (Genesis 5:3). This means he was of the same character. It was not as important to the Bible author to note the quantity of the children as it was the quality of their character.

May we strive to be among those who are renewed in knowledge after the image of Christ. “And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him: Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all” (Colossians 3:10-11).

Check out our Bible Answers page for more information on a variety of topics.

In His service,

BibleAsk Team

 

The Works of Josephus. Hendrickson Publishers [First AD 93, this ed.1804] Book 1, Chapter 2, verse 3 footnote.

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