While the Bible does not say how many Children Adam and Eve had, we do find some clues. After Adam and Eve left the garden of Eden, Eve gave birth to two children, Cain and Abel (Genesis 4:1-2). As the two boys grew, they were very different. Abel followed the Lord God and Abel followed his heart. Eventually there difference lead Cain to kill Abel. God cursed Cain for killing his brother and he fled. Later Cain married and begat his own nation (see Where did the wife of Cain come from?).
After Cain murdered his brother Abel, they begat another son named Seth. This third son was “begotten when Adam was 130 years old” (Genesis 5:3). The scriptures states that Adam and Eve “begot sons and daughters” after Seth (Genesis 5:3-4). However, there is no mention of the exact number of their descendants, just the name of their first 3 sons Cain, Abel, and Seth.
Bible scholars assume that our first parents had a large family that consisted of many boys and girls. This assumption is based on the Bible telling us that Adam lived to be 930 years old (Genesis 5:5). This is about ten times longer than most people live today.
With this in mind, if we take today’s fertility at the antediluvian time it would be about 350 years. If Adam and Eve had just one child every seven years of her fertility, then they would have had 50 children. This is a conservative estimate, as it is likely that they obeyed God’s first commission to: “be fruitful and multiply …” (Genesis 1:28).
It is interesting to note that there is a tradition outside the Scripture that can’t be proven in The Works of Josephus* which states that:
“The number of Adam’s children, as says the old tradition, was 33 sons and 23 daughters.”
The Take Home Message
God created Adam and Eve to be fruitful upon this earth. We are all the descendants of Adam and Eve, but let us strive to be more. While we don’t know the exact number of Children Adam and Eve had, it is important to note that his son Seth was born “in his own likeness, and after his image” (Genesis 5:3). This means he was of the same character. We notice that it was not as important to the Bible author to note the quantity of the children as it was the quality of their character.
May we strive to be among those who are renewed in knowledge after the image of Christ. “And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him: Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all” (Colossians 3:10-11).
In His service,