Jesus exercised full authority (exousia) throughout His earthly ministry (Matt. 7:29; 21:23); nevertheless that authority had been voluntarily limited. The Bible shows that Jesus had displayed authority in a variety of ways:
- Jesus had authority over diseases and physical ailments (Matthew 9:20-22; John 4:46-54; 9:1-41).
- Jesus had authority over material objects (Matthew 14:15-21; 17:24-27; John 2:1-11; 21:1-14).
- Jesus had authority over elements of nature (Matthew 8:23-27; Matthew 14:22-23).
- Jesus had authority over death (Matthew 9:18-26; John 11:1-45).
- Jesus had authority over the devil and all his power (Luke 10:17-18).
But now (after the Resurrection), Jesus once more had all authority as before He came to this earth to assume the limitations of humanity (Phil. 2:6–8). The sacrifice in behalf of man had now been completed. Jesus had already entered upon His mediatorial work in the sanctuary above.
As God, equal with the Father, all authority was originally and essentially His; but as Mediator, as God-man, all authority was given him; partly in recompense of his work (because he humbled himself, therefore God thus exalted him), and partly in pursuance of his design; he had this power given him over all flesh, that he might give eternal life to as many as were given him (Jn. 17:2 ), for the more effectual carrying on and completing our salvation. This power he was now more signally invested in, upon his resurrection (Acts. 13:3).
Therefore, Jesus is now going to receive for Himself a kingdom (Lu. 19:12), to sit down at the right hand of God (Ps. 110:1). Having purchased it, nothing remains but to take possession; Christ now is the sole universal Monarch, He is Lord of all (Acts. 10:36).
In His service,