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“And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath” (Mark 2:23-28).
Not a violation to the law
Here, the Pharisees accused Jesus with breaking the Sabbath when His disciples plucked corn. However, what the disciples did was not in violation of the law according to the Old Testament. The law specifically provided that a hungry person could eat of the fruit or grain of a field as they passed through it (Deuteronomy 23:24, 25). What law the Pharisees accused Jesus of breaking was one of their own devising (Matthew 23:2, 4).
People often misunderstand Christ’s approval of what His disciples did here and His healing of others on the Sabbath day. They see it as evidence that He neither observed nor taught His disciples to keep the OT laws and regulations in regard to Sabbath observance.
Jesus upheld the law
But in reality, Jesus kept the law of Moses and the Ten Commandments in every way. He confirmed the binding nature of the moral law. He said, “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled” (Matthew 5:17, 18).
Jesus also recognized the validity of the ritual law of Moses as applicable to the Jews (Matthew 23:3).
Traditions of men
During His ministry, Jesus was in conflict with the Jewish leaders over the validity of man-made laws and traditions (Mark 7:2-3, 8). Many regarded these traditions more important than the laws of Moses and the Ten Commandments.
The Pharisees legalistically taught that salvation was to be obtained through an outward observance of these rules. A pious Jew’s life tended to become one endless effort to avoid ceremonial uncleanness. This system of righteousness by works was in complete opposition with righteousness by faith (Ephesians 2:8-9).
Jesus said, “Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:19-20).
God has always desired His people to delight in His law (Ps. 119:174), especially the commandment of keeping His Sabbath day (Isaiah 58:13-14). However, the Pharisees had made it into a system of drudgery and excessive rule keeping. They were more interested in controlling others through their rituals and appearing righteous than genuine obedience (Matt. 23:4-7, 27-28).
Jesus and the Sabbath
Some may attempt to use this instance of Jesus having His disciples pluck corn to eat on the Sabbath as Him doing away with the law. However, this is not a valid argument. It was lawful for His disciples to pluck corn and eat as long as they did not harvest it (Deuteronomy 23:25).
Jesus, our example, kept the Sabbath day holy as it was his custom (Luke 4:16). He lived out in His life what true observance of the Sabbath commandment looks like.
“Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it? And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other” (Luke 6:9-10).
The example of Jesus shows that it is lawful, or in keeping of the law, to do good on the Sabbath. Jesus created all things (John 1:1-3) including the seventh day Sabbath. It was given at creation as a gift to God’s people as a time of rest and holiness (Genesis 2:2-3).
Jesus is the same yesterday, today and forever (Hebrews 13:8). He calls Himself the Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28). If Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath, it would only make sense that His holy day would remain for all time (Isaiah 66:22-23).
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In His service,
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