Is it wrong to participate in competitive sports?


By BibleAsk Team

The question of whether it is wrong to participate in competitive sports is an often debated topic within Christian circles. Various perspectives exist, and while some Christians embrace competitive sports as opportunities for fellowship, physical fitness, and evangelism, others raise concerns about the potential for negative influences, such as pride, aggression, and distraction from spiritual growth. This analysis will explore the arguments against participation in competitive sports, drawing on biblical principles and passages from the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible.


Competitive sports are a significant aspect of contemporary culture, providing entertainment, physical exercise, and community engagement. However, concerns arise about the alignment of competitive sports with Christian values, focusing on issues such as pride, violence, idolatry, and the potential for distraction from spiritual priorities.

The Argument Against Competitive Sports

1. Pride and Humility

One of the primary concerns about competitive sports is the potential to foster pride and self-glorification, which contradicts the biblical call to humility.

Proverbs 16:18 (NKJV): “Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.”

Pride is often promoted in competitive sports, where the focus can shift to personal achievements and recognition. This can lead to a spirit of arrogance, which is warned against in Scripture.

James 4:6 (NKJV): “But He gives more grace. Therefore He says: ‘God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.'”

The Bible consistently emphasizes humility as a key Christian virtue, in contrast to the pride that competitive sports can engender.

2. Violence and Aggression

Many competitive sports involve a high degree of physical contact, which can lead to violence and aggression, attitudes that are contrary to Christian teachings of peace and gentleness.

Galatians 5:19-21 (NKJV): “Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lewdness, idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies, outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies, envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries, and the like; of which I tell you beforehand, just as I also told you in time past, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.”

Sports that promote physical aggression can lead to behaviors and attitudes listed among the works of the flesh, which are incompatible with the fruits of the Spirit.

James 1:19-20 (NKJV): “So then, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath; for the wrath of man does not produce the righteousness of God.”

The aggression and anger often seen in competitive sports do not align with the righteousness God desires from His people.

3. Idolatry and Distraction

Competitive sports can become an idol, consuming time, energy, and resources that could be devoted to God and spiritual growth.

Exodus 20:3 (NKJV): “You shall have no other gods before Me.”

When sports take precedence over spiritual commitments, they can become a form of idolatry, violating the first commandment.

Matthew 6:33 (NKJV): “But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you.”

The pursuit of success in sports can distract from seeking God’s kingdom first, leading to a misalignment of priorities.

4. Sabbath Rest

Participating in competitive sports, particularly on the seventh day, can interfere with the observance of the Sabbath, a day meant for rest and worship.

Exodus 20:8-10 (NKJV): “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.”

Engaging in sports on the Sabbath can detract from its intended purpose as a day dedicated to the Lord.

5. Worldly Values

Competitive sports often promote values such as winning at all costs, personal glory, and material gain, which are at odds with biblical teachings.

1 John 2:15-17 (NKJV): “Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is not of the Father but is of the world. And the world is passing away, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of God abides forever.”

The competitive nature of sports can encourage a love for worldly success and recognition, which can diminish one’s love and commitment to God.

Biblical Alternatives to Competitive Sports

Given the potential issues with competitive sports, Christians can explore alternative activities that promote physical health and community without compromising biblical values.

1. Cooperative Activities

Engaging in cooperative activities emphasizes teamwork, mutual support, and shared goals, aligning more closely with Christian principles of love and unity.

Philippians 2:2-4 (NKJV): “Fulfill my joy by being like-minded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. Let nothing be done through selfish ambition or conceit, but in lowliness of mind let each esteem others better than himself. Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others.”

Cooperative games and activities encourage looking out for others’ interests and fostering a spirit of unity.

2. Recreational Exercise

Engaging in recreational exercise, such as hiking, cycling, or swimming, promotes physical health without the competitive aspect, allowing individuals to enjoy God’s creation and maintain their well-being.

1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (NKJV): “Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s.”

Maintaining physical health is important, and recreational exercise provides a means to do so while glorifying God.

3. Spiritual Activities

Investing time in spiritual disciplines, such as prayer, Bible study, fellowship and service, helps cultivate a deeper relationship with God and strengthens one’s spiritual life.

1 Timothy 4:8 (NKJV): “For bodily exercise profits a little, but godliness is profitable for all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come.”

While physical exercise has value, the pursuit of godliness and spiritual growth holds eternal significance.

Case Studies: Biblical Examples

Examining biblical figures and their attitudes toward physical activity and competition can provide insights into how Christians might approach sports and physical pursuits.

1. Paul’s Athletic Metaphors

The Apostle Paul frequently used athletic metaphors to illustrate spiritual truths, indicating an awareness of sports but emphasizing spiritual over physical pursuits.

1 Corinthians 9:24-27 (NKJV): “Do you not know that those who run in a race all run, but one receives the prize? Run in such a way that you may obtain it. And everyone who competes for the prize is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a perishable crown, but we for an imperishable crown. Therefore I run thus: not with uncertainty. Thus I fight: not as one who beats the air. But I discipline my body and bring it into subjection, lest, when I have preached to others, I myself should become disqualified.”

Paul uses the discipline and focus of athletes to encourage believers to pursue spiritual goals with the same intensity, highlighting the superiority of the “imperishable crown” over earthly achievements.

2. Jesus’ Teachings on Greatness

Jesus’ teachings often inverted the cultural norms of greatness and competition, emphasizing servanthood and humility over personal glory.

Matthew 20:26-28 (NKJV): “Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant. And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave—just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”

Jesus’ model of greatness through servanthood contrasts sharply with the competitive nature of sports, where the focus is often on individual or team superiority.


While competitive sports are deeply ingrained in contemporary culture and can offer benefits such as physical fitness and community engagement, several aspects can conflict with Christian values. The potential for fostering pride, aggression, idolatry, and distraction from spiritual priorities raises legitimate concerns. By examining biblical principles, Christians can discern a balanced approach, seeking alternatives that promote physical health, unity, and spiritual growth without compromising their faith.

Believers are called to examine their motives and the impact of their activities on their spiritual lives and witness. By prioritizing humility, peace, and devotion to God, Christians can act with wisdom and integrity, ensuring that all aspects of their lives reflect their commitment to Christ.

Check out our Bible Answers page for more information on a variety of topics.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

We'd love your feedback, so leave a comment!

If you feel an answer is not 100% Bible based, then leave a comment, and we'll be sure to review it.
Our aim is to share the Word and be true to it.