Were vegetables part of the Eden diet?

Author: BibleAsk Team

The concept of the Eden diet, derived from the biblical narrative of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, has captivated the imagination of theologians, scholars, and health enthusiasts alike. According to the biblical account, God provided Adam and Eve with a lush and bountiful garden, replete with fruits, grains and nuts, from which they were permitted to eat freely. In this exploration, we delve into the biblical perspectives on the Eden diet, examining key passages from the Bible and considering the implications for nutrition and dietary practices.

The Garden of Eden

The Garden of Eden, described in the book of Genesis, is depicted as a paradisiacal sanctuary teeming with life and abundance. God planted a variety of trees in the garden, including the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and instructed Adam and Eve to tend and care for it.


  • Genesis 2:8-9 (NKJV) – “The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed. And out of the ground the Lord God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.”

The Eden Diet

Vegetables were not part of the Eden diet. The Bible record states that at creation, “God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat” (Genesis 1:29). We learn from the divine record that man was to eat of the products of both field and tree, in other words of grain, nuts, and fruits. The animals were to eat of “every green herb,” which are vegetables, green plants, and grass.

The Eden diet didn’t include the slaughter of animals for food, or that animals should prey upon one another. God granted Adam and Eve permission to eat freely from the fruits of the garden, with one notable exception—the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which they were expressly forbidden from eating under penalty of death.


  • Genesis 2:16-17 (NKJV) – “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, ‘Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.'”
  • Genesis 1:29-30 (NKJV) – “And God said, ‘See, I have given you every herb that yields seed which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree whose fruit yields seed; to you it shall be for food. Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food’; and it was so.”

The Consequences of the Fall

The idyllic harmony of the Garden of Eden was disrupted by Adam and Eve’s disobedience, resulting in their expulsion from paradise and the introduction of toil, suffering, and death into the world. The consequences of the Fall extended to humanity’s relationship with food and the natural world.


  • Genesis 3:17-19 (NKJV) – “Then to Adam He said, ‘Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, “You shall not eat of it”: Cursed is the ground for your sake; In toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life. Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return.'”

Post-Diluvian Dietary Changes

Following the Great Flood, described in the book of Genesis, God made significant changes to humanity’s dietary provisions, granting permission for the consumption of meat and the consumption of vegetables. God said to man, “and thou shalt eat the herb of the field” (Genesis 3:18).

We evidently are to conclude that the quantity and quality of grains, nuts and fruits originally given to man were, as a result of the curse, reduced to such an extent that man would be need to look to the herbs for a portion of his daily food. This change in diet may also have been due in part to the loss of certain nutrients from the tree of life, to a change in climate, and perhaps most of all to man’s sentence to hard labor in the process of earning a livelihood.

It was not till after the Flood that God gave man permission to eat of the flesh of animals (Genesis 9:3). Even ancient pagan legends speak of a golden age of innocence, when man abstained from killing animals (Ovid Met. I. 103-106). Isaiah 11:6–9; 65:25 refers to the fact that no animal of any kind will eat flesh in the new earth when the restoration of Eden will take place. 


  • Genesis 9:3-4 (NKJV) – “Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. I have given you all things, even as the green herbs. But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.”
  • Genesis 3:18 (NKJV) – “Both thorns and thistles it shall [a]bring forth for you, and you shall eat the herb of the field.”

Implications for Modern Nutrition

The Eden diet was plant-based, consisting grains, nuts, and fruits. The principles of abundance, stewardship, and moderation inherent in the Edenic narrative offer valuable insights for modern nutrition and dietary choices.

Conclusion: Rediscovering the Eden Diet

In conclusion, the biblical account of the Garden of Eden offers a compelling vision of a harmonious and abundant dietary provision, characterized by the consumption of grains, nuts, and fruits. Vegetables and clean meats were introduced after the flood. The underlying principles of the Eden diet of abundance, stewardship, and moderation resonate with contemporary concerns about health, sustainability, and ethical eating. As individuals seek to make informed choices about nutrition and dietary practices, the Edenic narrative invites us to rediscover the timeless wisdom of God’s provision and care for humanity’s physical well-being.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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