Was Mary, the mother of Jesus, a virgin?


By BibleAsk Team

The virgin birth of Jesus Christ stands as a foundational belief within Christian theology, affirming the miraculous conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit in the womb of Mary, his mother. This divine event carries profound theological significance, underscoring Jesus’ unique identity as the Son of God and the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy. In this exploration, we delve into the biblical proof of Mary’s virginity and the miraculous conception of Jesus, drawing upon references from the Bible and examining key passages that illuminate this extraordinary event.

Prophecy of the Virgin Birth:

The Old Testament prophesied the virgin birth of the Messiah, foretelling a miraculous sign that would affirm His divine nature and redemptive mission.


  • Isaiah 7:14 (NKJV) – “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.”

The Annunciation:

The angel Gabriel appeared to Mary to announce the miraculous conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit, affirming her virginity and God’s divine intervention in the conception process.


  • Luke 1:26-35 (NKJV) – The angel Gabriel’s announcement to Mary of her role in the birth of Jesus and the miraculous conception by the Holy Spirit.

Mary’s Response:

Mary’s response to the angel Gabriel’s message reflects her faith and submission to God’s will, despite the incredulity of the situation.


  • Luke 1:38 (NKJV) – “Then Mary said, ‘Behold the maidservant of the Lord! Let it be to me according to your word.’ And the angel departed from her.”

Joseph’s Dilemma:

Upon learning of Mary’s pregnancy, Joseph, her betrothed, initially planned to divorce her quietly, but an angel appeared to him in a dream, confirming the miraculous nature of Mary’s conception and instructing him to take her as his wife.


  • Matthew 1:18-25 (NKJV) – Joseph’s dilemma regarding Mary’s pregnancy and the angel’s revelation to him in a dream concerning the divine origin of Jesus’ conception.

Fulfillment of Prophecy:

The fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy through the virgin birth of Jesus confirms His identity as the promised Messiah and underscores the divine orchestration of human history.


  • Matthew 1:22-23 (NKJV) – “So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: ‘Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,’ which is translated, ‘God with us.'”

Testimony of Scripture:

The New Testament consistently affirms the virgin birth of Jesus, emphasizing its centrality to Christian faith and doctrine. Both the gospels of Matthew and Luke confirm:

  1. Both affirm that Jesus was born of the Holy Ghost (Matthew 1:18, 20; Luke 1:35).
  2. They declare that Mary was to “bring forth a son” who was not to be the son of Joseph (Matthew 1:21) but the Son of God (Luke 1:35).
  3. They state that Mary remained a virgin “till she had brought forth” Jesus (Matthew 1:25).
  4. They state that Mary affirmed her virginity to the angel (Luke 1:34).

Not just the gospels confirm that but also the teachings of Paul about the divinity of Jesus Christ is wholly consistent with the virgin birth (Philippians 2:6–8; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:1–9; etc.). The incarnation of the Son of God is the cornerstone of the Christian faith. Apart from the virgin birth there could be no true incarnation, and without the incarnation and virgin birth, the Bible becomes a mere legend.


  • Luke 2:7 (NKJV) – “And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.”
  • Galatians 4:4 (NKJV) – “But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law.”


Affirming the Virgin Birth of Jesus In conclusion, the biblical evidence overwhelmingly supports the doctrine of the virgin birth of Jesus Christ, affirming Mary’s virginity and the miraculous conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit. This miraculous event fulfills Old Testament prophecy, confirms Jesus’ identity as the Son of God, and underscores the divine sovereignty over human history. As believers, we embrace the virgin birth of Jesus as a foundational truth of Christian faith, testifying to the miraculous nature of God’s redemptive plan and the incarnation of His Son for the salvation of humanity.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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