Is God a male or female?

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By BibleAsk Team


The question of whether God is male or female has been a topic of theological inquiry and debate. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the biblical perspectives and interpretations regarding the gender of God, drawing upon references from the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible and examining key passages that shed light on this topic.

God – A Spirit Being

God is a Spirit and does not possess human characteristics of a male or female. The Bible says, “God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth” (John 4:24). As an infinite spirit Being, He is not subject to the same limitations as finite human beings.

Then, what does the verse in Genesis 1:26-27 mean? “Then God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.’ So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.”

Both man and woman were created in the image of God. That image was most evident in terms of their spiritual nature. Man and woman became “living souls,” or rather living beings, endowed with a free will, a self-conscious personality. The male and female had the ability to have a mind, will, intellect, emotions, and moral capacity. Unlike them, animals do not possess a moral conscience.

The human nature reflected the divine holiness of its Maker until sin shattered the divine likeness. It is only through Christ, the brightness of the glory of God and the “express image of his person” (Hebrews 1:3), that our nature is transformed into the image of God again (Colossians 3:10; Ephesians 4:24).

Divine Immanence and Transcendence:

Central to the biblical understanding of God is the concept of divine immanence and transcendence. While God is intimately involved in the affairs of humanity, God also transcends human categories and limitations, including gender.

References:

  • Psalm 139:7-10 (NKJV) – “Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence? If I ascend into heaven, You are there; If I make my bed in hell, behold, You are there. If I take the wings of the morning, And dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, Even there Your hand shall lead me, And Your right hand shall hold me.”
  • Isaiah 55:8-9 (NKJV) – “‘For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,’ says the Lord. ‘For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts.'”

Masculine Imagery of God in Scripture:

The Bible predominantly uses masculine language and imagery to depict God, referring to God as “Father,” “King,” and “Lord.” This masculine imagery reflects the biblical understanding of God’s character and serves as a expression of divine attributes such as strength, authority, and protection.

In the Old and New Testaments, male pronouns are used in reference to God (Genesis 1:16; John 1:1-3…etc.). And in the New Testament, there are nearly 900 verses where the word theos—a masculine noun in the Greek—is used in direct reference to God. Also, in the gospels, Jesus Christ referred to God as the Father using male pronouns. The heavenly Father chose to reveal Himself to humanity in a male form (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:21).

References:

  • Matthew 6:9 (NKJV) – “In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.”
  • Psalm 95:3 (NKJV) – “For the Lord is the great God, And the great King above all gods.”

Christ – A Male Figure

The heavenly Father revealed His Son to the human race in the form of a man.

References:

  • John 1:14 (NKJV) – “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.”
  • Galatians 4:4-5 (NKJV) – “But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.”

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the question of whether God is male or female invites us into the depths of divine nature, which teaches that God is a Spirit Being. The biblical language predominantly uses masculine imagery to depict God. The heavenly Father revealed His Son in the form of a male. As believers, we are called to recognize that God transcends human categories and limitations, including gender, and inviting us into deeper relationship and communion with the divine.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

Categories God

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