The Sabbath Commandment, which was instituted at creation (Genesis 2:2, 3), is one of the Ten Commandments of God’s moral law (Exodus 20:8-11). God’s moral law existed as long as sin has existed “Where no law is, there is no transgression [or sin]” (Romans 4:15). This law was written by the finger of God twice (Exodus 31:18) . And by God’s moral law everyone will be judged at the end (James 2:10-12).
Unlike the eternal Sabbath, circumcision was part of the national rites of the Jews and the Mosaic law that was nailed to the Cross “having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross” (Colossians 2:14).
In the New Testament, the Gentiles were not required to keep the Mosaic law or circumcision. Paul specifically said, “Was anyone called while circumcised? Let him not become uncircumcised. Was anyone called while uncircumcised? Let him not be circumcised. Circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing, but keeping the commandments of God is what matters” (1 Corinthians 7:18, 19).
There are two different laws presented in the Bible:
Called “the law of Moses” (Luke 2:22).
Called “law … contained in ordinances” (Ephesians 2:15).
Written by Moses in a book (2 Chronicles 35:12).
Placed outside the ark (Deuteronomy 31:26).
Ended at the cross (Ephesians 2:15).
Added because of sin (Galatians 3:19).
Contrary to us, against us (Colossians 2:14).
Judges no one (Colossians 2:14-16).
Carnal (Hebrews 7:16).
Called “the law of the Lord” (Isaiah 5:24).
Written by God on stone (Exodus 31:18; 32:16).
Placed inside the ark (Exodus 40:20).
Will stand forever (Luke 16:17).
Points out sin (Romans 7:7; 3:20).
Not grievous (1 John 5:3).
Judges all people (James 2:10-12).
Spiritual (Romans 7:14).
Perfect (Psalms 19:7).
Circumcision of the Mosaic law was a temporary, ceremonial law of the Old Testament but the Sabbath commandment of God’s moral law “stand fast for ever and ever” (Psalms 111:8).
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In His service,