Did humans evolve by chance?

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By BibleAsk Team


The Probability of Humans Evolving by Chance

The theory of evolution proposes that all living organisms, including humans, have evolved by chance. The theory teaches that humans have descended from a common ancestor through a gradual process of genetic variation, natural selection, and adaptation over millions of years.

Tests exist to measure how efficient chance is at producing design. So, what is the expected probability for chance to spell the phrase—“the theory of evolution” for example? This phrase by chance would involve the random selection and sequencing of letters and spaces in the correct order.

Each letter from the alphabet plus one space (totaling 27 possible selections) has one chance in 27 of being selected. There are 20 letters plus 3 spaces in the phrase—“the theory of evolution.” Therefore “chance” will, on the average, spell the given phrase correctly only once in (27)23 outcomes! This computes to only one success in a 8.3 hundred quadrillion, quadrillion attempts (8.3×1032).

Suppose chance uses a machine which removes records and replaces all the letters randomly at the fantastic speed of one billion per microsecond (one quadrillion per second)! On average the phrase would happen once in 25 billion years by this random method.

If, as evolutionists claim, the earth has been in existence for approximately 5 billion years, then chance could take five times this time to spell out this phrase, even at this phenomenal rate of experimentation.

The shocking thing is that this phrase is infinitely simpler than the smallest life form. And what is even more amazing that a small child could spell this phrase within a minute. So, you can see that the idea that humans evolved by chance, or that humans evolved from simpler life forms, is not feasible. It takes more faith to believe in the theory of evolution than the Biblical account of creation.

The Bible Perspective on Creation

The Book of Genesis, particularly chapters 1 and 2, presents the creation narrative that is central to the Judeo-Christian understanding of human origins. Genesis 1:27 in the NKJV states, “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” This verse portrays the creation of humanity as a deliberate and purposeful act of God. The language used emphasizes intentionality and divine design, rather than randomness or chance.

Furthermore, Genesis 2:7 describes the specific manner in which human beings were created: “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.” This verse depicts God’s intimate involvement in the creation of humanity, shaping Adam from the dust of the earth and breathing life into him. Again, there is no indication of chance or randomness in this account; rather, it emphasizes the direct intervention of God in the formation of human life.

The idea that humans were created by chance contradicts the biblical narrative of creation, which consistently portrays God as the intentional and purposeful creator of all things. Throughout the Bible, there is a recurring theme of God’s sovereignty and providential care over the universe, including the creation and sustenance of humanity.

Psalm 139:13-16, for example, celebrates God’s role in the formation of each individual person: “For You formed my inward parts; You covered me in my mother’s womb. I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; marvelous are Your works, and that my soul knows very well. My frame was not hidden from You, when I was made in secret, and skillfully wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Your eyes saw my substance, being yet unformed. And in Your book they all were written, the days fashioned for me, when as yet there were none of them.”

This passage highlights the intimate relationship between God and human beings, emphasizing God’s role as the creator and sustainer of life. It speaks to the idea that each person is uniquely fashioned by God, with care and purpose, rather than being the product of random chance.

Additionally, the biblical concept of providence affirms God’s ongoing involvement in the world, guiding and directing the course of human history according to His purposes. Proverbs 16:9 states, “A man’s heart plans his way, but the Lord directs his steps.” This understanding of divine providence implies that human existence is not governed by chance, but rather by God’s sovereign will.

Moreover, the Bible teaches that human beings are created with a specific purpose and destiny ordained by God. Ephesians 2:10 declares, “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.” This verse emphasizes that God has created each person with a unique identity and calling, and has prepared good works for them to accomplish. This vision of human purpose and destiny is incompatible with the notion that humans are the product of random chance, devoid of inherent meaning or significance.

In light of these biblical teachings, it is clear that the idea that humans were created by chance is not consistent with the scriptural narrative of creation. The Bible presents a coherent and unified understanding of human origins, affirming God as the intentional and purposeful creator of humanity. The theory of evolution clearly negates the theological truth of God’s role as the ultimate source of all existence.

Whether through the narrative of creation in Genesis or the overarching theme of God’s providence throughout the biblical narrative, the Bible consistently affirms that human beings are not the product of random chance, but rather the intentional and purposeful creations of a loving and sovereign God.

The Creator and the Redeemer

The Bible teaches that God, as the Creator, is also the Savior of His creatures. God offered deliverance to humanity from sin and its consequences. Salvation is understood as a gift from God, made possible through the sacrificial death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Jesus declared, “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.”

The Bible teaches that salvation is received through repentance of sin and faith in Jesus Christ. Acts 2:38 (NKJV) instructs, “Then Peter said to them, ‘Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'”

Salvation is described as a gift of God’s grace, not something that can be earned through good works. Ephesians 2:8-9 (NKJV) states, “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast.” Works are merely the consequence of salvation not the cause of it.

Salvation involves a transformation of the believer’s life, as they are made new in Christ and empowered by the Holy Spirit to live according to God’s will. 2 Corinthians 5:17 (NKJV) proclaims, “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.”

The ultimate goal of salvation is eternal life with God in His kingdom. John 10:28 (NKJV) assures believers, “And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.” Thus, God offers salvation freely to all who believe in Jesus Christ, inviting them into a restored relationship with Him and the promise of eternal life. This message of the Creator’s salvation serves as the heart of the Christian faith, proclaiming the good news of God’s love, grace, and redemption for humanity.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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