How many wives did King Solomon have?

The Scriptures tell us that King Solomon “had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines” (1 Kings 11:3). His act of marrying many women was a clear disobedience to God’s command. God commanded that the kings of Israel should not gather horses, multiply wives, nor accumulate silver and gold (Deuteronomy 17:14-20).

King David commanded his son Solomon to walk in God’s path saying:

“Be strong, show yourself a man, and observe what the Lord your God requires: Walk in his ways, and keep his decrees and commands, his laws and requirements, as written in the Law of Moses, so that you may prosper in all you do and wherever you go” (1 Kings 2:2-3).

The Early Days

At the beginning, King Solomon was humble and obedient and did walk in the path of the Lord. But later on, he diverted his attention from God to worldly pursuits. And he multiplied riches and wives and concubines.

“As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the LORD his God” (1 Kings 11:4).

Solomon was influenced by his wives’ heathen beliefs and did sin grievously against God:

“Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Molech the abomination of the Ammonites, on the mountain east of Jerusalem. And so he did for all his foreign wives, who made offerings and sacrificed to their gods” (1 Kings 11:7-8).

The Later Days

So, God said to Solomon:

“Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates’” (1 Kings 11:11).

Solomon was to reap the consequences of his disobedience. He would lose the kingdom of his father David and it will be divided.

But at the end of his life, Solomon saw the folly of his deeds and admitted that although he, “amassed silver and gold for myself, and the treasure of kings and provinces”. He “acquired . . . a harem as well–the delights of the heart of man” (Ecclesiastes 2:8). “Everything was meaningless, a chasing after the wind; nothing was gained under the sun” (verse 11).

And he gave the most wise council saying:

“Here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole [duty] of man” (Ecclesiastes 12:13).

In obedience to God, man will find his supreme happiness.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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