How does Zion Christian Church oppose the Bible?


By BibleAsk Team

The Zion Christian Church (ZCC) is one of the largest and most influential Christian denominations in South Africa, with a significant presence in several other African countries. Founded in the early 20th century by Engenas Lekganyane, the ZCC combines elements of Christianity, African indigenous beliefs, and cultural practices to form a unique religious identity.

While the ZCC shares many core Christian beliefs with mainstream Christian denominations, there are areas where its doctrines and practices oppose or contradict the teachings of the Bible. In this exploration, we will delve into the beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Zion Christian Church and examine potential points of opposition to the Bible, accompanied by references for clarity and context.

Unbliblical Doctrines

The early Zion Christian Church was strongly influenced by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church of John Alexander Dowie, based in Zion, Illinois in the United States of America. The truth is that the Catholic Church’s beliefs contradict many of the core Bible doctrines like the nature of Christ, salvation by faith, state of the dead, Law of God, ministry of priests, prophecy, confession, mediation…etc.

Ancestral Veneration and Syncretism

Ancestral Veneration

An area where the Zion Christian Church opposes biblical teachings is in its practice of ancestral veneration. In many African traditional religions, including those from which the ZCC draws influence, there is a strong emphasis on honoring and seeking the intercession of ancestors. While the ZCC maintains that ancestral veneration is consistent with biblical teachings, it reality it is contradictory to the Bible’s prohibition against necromancy and consulting the dead (Deuteronomy 18:10-12; Leviticus 19:31).


Furthermore, the syncretic nature of the ZCC, blending elements of Christianity with African indigenous beliefs and cultural practices, opposes biblical teachings. The Bible warns against syncretism and the mixing of true worship with pagan practices (Deuteronomy 12:30-31; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18), emphasizing the exclusive worship of God and the rejection of all forms of idolatry and false religion.

Divine Healing and Deliverance

Role of Human Intermediaries

The Zion Christian Church places a strong emphasis on divine healing and deliverance, often seeking the assistance of church leaders, known as prophets or bishops, for healing and deliverance from various afflictions. While the Bible affirms the reality of divine healing and miracles (James 5:14-15; Matthew 10:8), it also emphasizes the importance of faith in God and His sovereign will in the healing process. The reliance on human intermediaries for healing and deliverance is contrary to the biblical teaching that Jesus Christ is the ultimate source of healing and salvation (Acts 4:12).

Pilgrimages and Gatherings

Spiritual Significance

Central to the religious life of the ZCC are pilgrimages and gatherings held at the church’s headquarters in Moria, Limpopo Province, South Africa. While pilgrimages can serve as opportunities for spiritual renewal and fellowship, the Bible emphasizes the spiritual significance of worshiping God in spirit and truth, rather than focusing on physical locations or communal rituals (John 4:23-24). The emphasis placed on pilgrimages and gatherings as essential elements of religious practice is contradictory to the biblical emphasis on the primacy of Christ and the gospel message.

Socio-political Engagement

Entanglement in Worldly Affairs

Beyond its religious activities, the Zion Christian Church has also been actively involved in socio-political issues, advocating for social justice, human rights, and community development. While Christians are called to be agents of social transformation and justice (Micah 6:8), the Bible also warns against entanglement in worldly affairs and compromising the gospel message for political gain (2 Timothy 2:4; Galatians 1:10). The extent to which the ZCC’s socio-political engagement aligns with biblical principles and priorities is questioned, particularly if it compromises the church’s witness and fidelity to the gospel.


While the Zion Christian Church shares many core Christian beliefs with mainstream Christian denominations, there are areas where its beliefs and practices contradict the teachings of the Bible. These points of opposition relate primarily to the ZCC’s unbiblical doctrines, practices of ancestral veneration and syncretism, its emphasis on divine healing and deliverance through human intermediaries, the centrality of pilgrimages and gatherings in religious practice, and its socio-political engagement.

Today, the Lord calls His faithful children to depart from the fallen churches that they may be accounted worthy to enter the New Jerusalem. He says, “Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues” (Revelation 18:4).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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