How does the Bible view the adoption of children?

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Adoption is the taking and treating of a stranger, who otherwise will grow as an orphan, as one’s own child. The action of adoption into a loving family is a virtuous act in God’s sight.

The principle of adoption is taught in the Bible. Paul applies the term “adoption” to Christians because God treats them as His own sons, even though by nature they were strangers and enemies (Rom. 5:10; Col. 1:21; Ephesians 1:5). This implies that, since we by nature had no claim on God, His act of adopting us is one of pure love (John 3:16). As adopted sons, we are now under His protection and care and that, in loving gratitude, we ought to manifest the spirit of children in willingly obeying Him in all things (Romans 8:12).

Paul wrote, “For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship [adoption]. And by him we cry, ‘Abba, Father’” (Romans 8:15). The Holy Spirit is the One who brings about this awareness of sonship to God. The awareness of adoption brings the feeling of love, and confidence that children have toward their parents, not the fearful spirit of servants toward their masters.

Paul also uses this expression in his writings to describe the typical adoption of the Jewish nation (Romans 9:4), the actual adoption of Jewish and Gentile believers as the children of God (Gal. 4:5; Ephesians 1:5), and the finalized adoption of believers in the future home of glory (Romans 8:23).

There are several examples in the Bible for adoption. And these examples show the blessings that came about from taking in a child that is not blood into ones family. In the OT, Moses was adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter when Pharaoh ordered the killing of all Jewish male babies (Exodus 2:1-10). Moses’ life was spared and the Lord used him in a mighty way to deliver the Israelites form slavery. also, Esther was adopted by her cousin Mordechai after her parents were killed in the war. Esther, later on, was chosen by God to save the Israelites from sure destruction. And her life honored God.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team


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