Who was Gomer in the Old Testament?


By BibleAsk Team

The Bible, a timeless repository of ancient wisdom, introduces us to a myriad of characters whose stories echo through the corridors of history. Among them is Gomer. This exploration aims to delve into the scriptures to learn about her character.


Our first encounter with Gomer is in the book of Hosea, where he is mentioned as the wife of the prophet Hosea. In Hosea 1:3, the Lord commands Hosea to take Gomer, a woman of harlotry, as his wife. This unconventional union serves as a symbolic representation of God’s relationship with the unfaithful Israelites. her character becomes a living metaphor, embodying the unfaithfulness of the people and the need for divine forgiveness.

Children and Symbolic Names (Hosea 1:4-11)

As the narrative unfolds, Gomer bears three children, each with a symbolic name reflecting the divine message. In Hosea 1:4-11, the names of the children—Jezreel, Lo-Ruhamah, and Lo-Ammi—serve as prophetic symbols of God’s judgment and eventual restoration. Jezreel signifies the impending judgment on the house of Jehu, while Lo-Ruhamah conveys the withdrawal of God’s mercy from the unfaithful. The name Lo-Ammi declares the temporary rejection of Israel, emphasizing the severity of their transgressions.

Her Adultery and Hosea’s Response (Hosea 2:2-5)

The narrative deepens as Gomer’s unfaithfulness is explicitly addressed in Hosea 2:2-5. Her promiscuity becomes a poignant illustration of Israel’s spiritual infidelity. Despite Gomer’s waywardness, Hosea’s response mirrors God’s unfailing love. Hosea, as a faithful husband, seeks to win his wife back, portraying the divine hope for Israel’s repentance and restoration.

Symbolic Imagery (Hosea 2:6-13)

The metaphorical language in Hosea 2:6-13 vividly illustrates Gomer’s spiritual adultery and the consequences of her actions. The wilderness imagery, reminiscent of the Israelites’ journey, portrays the desolation resulting from their unfaithfulness. Her pursuit of false lovers symbolizes Israel’s pursuit of foreign gods, leading to a cycle of disappointment and emptiness.

Hosea’s Unwavering Love and Restoration (Hosea 2:14-23)

In the latter part of Hosea 2, a remarkable transformation occurs. Hosea’s enduring love for Gomer serves as a powerful metaphor for God’s unwavering commitment to Israel. The language of reconciliation and restoration permeates these verses, emphasizing the redemptive nature of divine love. Gomer, once abandoned in disgrace, is welcomed back into a renewed covenant—a testament to God’s grace and forgiveness.

Her Story as a Reflection of Israel’s History

Gomer’s narrative extends beyond the personal struggles of a prophet’s wife; it serves as a microcosm of Israel’s tumultuous history. The cycle of faithfulness, disobedience, judgment, and restoration mirrors the recurring pattern in the relationship between God and His people. Gomer’s life becomes a living parable, encapsulating the overarching theme of God’s relentless pursuit of a wayward nation.

At the end, the appeals of Hosea were rejected by the backslidden people. Unrepentant, the evil nation held to its rebellious deeds and reaped the consequences of their sins. And the people were taken into the cruel captivity of Assyrian bondage. Thus, Hosea gave God’s last message to the northern kingdom prior to its fall in 723/722 b.c.

Relevance in the New Testament (Romans 9:25-26)

The significance of Gomer transcends the Old Testament, finding echoes in the New Testament. In Romans 9:25-26, the Apostle Paul references Hosea, declaring that God’s mercy extends to those who were not His people. This inclusion of Gentiles into God’s covenant aligns with the prophetic symbolism embedded in Gomer’s story—a foreshadowing of the expansive scope of God’s redemptive plan.


Gomer a figure in the Bible, emerges as a profound symbol of God’s relentless love, Israel’s unfaithfulness, and the promise of restoration. Through the lens of Hosea’s prophetic marriage, we witness a compelling narrative that transcends the boundaries of time and culture. Gomer’s story challenges us to reflect on our own spiritual journey, reminding us of the boundless grace that awaits those who turn back to the unwavering love of the Divine.

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In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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