Does Jesus have a beginning of time?

Author: BibleAsk Team

Jesus – No Beginning

The question of whether Jesus Christ has a beginning of time is a fundamental aspect of Christian theology, touching upon the nature of His divinity and His relationship to God the Father. While debates and controversies have arisen throughout history regarding this theological concept, the Bible offers profound insights into the eternal nature of Christ. In this comprehensive study, we will examine biblical passages that affirm the Savior’s existence from everlasting to everlasting, emphasizing His timeless and divine nature.

The Scriptures clearly show that Christ has no beginning of time. The prophet Micah clearly sets forth the pre-existence of the One who was to be the Messiah when he wrote, “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be Ruler in Israel, whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting” (Micah 5:2). Thus, the “goings forth” of Christ reach to eternity in the past.

David wrote, “LORD, Thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations. Before the mountains were born, or Thou didst give birth to the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God” (Psalm 90:1-2); “Your throne is established from of old; You are from everlasting” (Psalm 93:2). And Habakkuk added, “Are You not from everlasting, o LORD my God, my Holy One?” (ch. 1:12).

The Eternal Word

In the Gospel of John, Christ is presented as the eternal Word of God, existing before the creation of the world and participating in the divine act of creation. John 1:1-3 declares: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.”

This profound declaration establishes Christ’s preexistence before the foundation of the world and His active role in the creation of the universe. The term “Word” (Greek: Logos) encapsulates the divine wisdom and creative power inherent in Christ, affirming His eternal existence alongside God the Father.

Christ’s Self-Declaration of Eternity

Throughout the Gospels, the Savior Himself affirms His timeless and eternal nature, often using divine titles and expressions that denote His preexistence and divine identity. In John 8:58, Jesus declares: “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”

This statement echoes the divine name revealed to Moses in Exodus 3:14 (“I AM WHO I AM”) and asserts Christ’s timeless existence as the eternally existing One. By using the present tense “I AM,” He affirms His continuous and unchanging existence throughout all ages, transcending temporal limitations.

Additionally, Christ employs other divine titles and expressions that emphasize His eternal nature. In Revelation 22:13, He declares: “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last.”

By identifying Himself as the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end, Christ asserts His eternal sovereignty and authority over all creation, from the inception of time to its ultimate fulfillment. This declaration underscores His role as the divine ruler and sustainer of the universe, existing beyond the constraints of time and space.

Christ’s Intercessory Prayer In His high priestly prayer recorded in John 17, Jesus offers a profound insight into His eternal relationship with God the Father. In John 17:5, He prays: “And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.”

This prayer reveals Christ’s preexistence and intimate communion with the Father before the creation of the world. The shared glory between Him and the Father signifies their eternal unity and divine nature, transcending temporal boundaries and earthly limitations. Christ’s request for the restoration of this glory underscores His eternal identity and divine prerogative as the Son of God.

The Eternal King

In addition to His preexistence and eternal nature, Christ is depicted as the eternal King whose kingdom knows no end. Psalm 45:6-7, quoted in Hebrews 1:8-9, affirms: “But to the Son He says: ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.'”

This majestic proclamation establishes Jesus’ eternal kingship and authority, ruling over His kingdom with righteousness and justice. The imagery of the scepter symbolizes His sovereign rule and divine prerogative as the eternal King, whose reign extends throughout all generations and ages.

Jesus’ Victorious Resurrection

The resurrection of Jesus Christ serves as a definitive affirmation of His eternal nature and triumph over death. In Revelation 1:17-18, Jesus declares: “Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last. I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death.”

This proclamation reaffirms Jesus’ victory over death and His eternal reign as the living One who conquered the grave. By possessing the keys of Hades and Death, Jesus demonstrates His authority over the realm of the dead and His power to grant eternal life to all who believe in Him. His resurrection serves as the ultimate vindication of His divine identity and eternal sovereignty.


In conclusion, the Bible provides compelling evidence for the eternal nature of Jesus Christ, affirming His preexistence, divine identity, and sovereign rule from everlasting to everlasting. Through passages such as Micah 5:2, John 1, John 8, Revelation 22, and Psalm 45, we gain profound insights into the timeless existence of Jesus as the eternal Word, the Alpha and the Omega, the Son of God, and the victorious King.

These biblical declarations serve as foundational truths of Christian faith, affirming Jesus’ divine nature, His pivotal role in creation and redemption, and His eternal reign as the exalted Lord of all. As believers, we are invited to embrace the mystery and majesty of Jesus’ eternal identity, placing our trust and hope in the One who is, and was, and is to come, the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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