What is the difference between baptism and confirmation?

Hello L,

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Christians confirmation is a sacrament practiced by the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox Churches where infant baptism is also done. This rite allows a baptized person to confirm the promises made on his behalf at baptism. Thus, tconfirmation makes the bond of the member with the Church more perfect.

The practice of Christian confirmation is not biblical for no one can “confirm” to another that someone is with God. Only God has the right to do that since He is the One that can read the heart (Jeremiah 17:10; 1 Samuel 16:7; Psalm 44:21).

The Bible teaches that it is the Holy Spirit who confirms to the repentant person that he has been forgiven: “The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children” (Romans 8:16). And also, salvation is confirmed by the fruits of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22,23) that are manifested in the life of the Christian. Thus, the Biblical “Christian confirmation” is not the work of humans but it is the work of God Himself through the redemption of Christ (1 Corinthians 1:7-8), the ministry of the Holy Spirit (Ephesians 1:13-14) and the power of the Father to keep the saints from falling till the end (Jude 24, 25).

As for baptism, the Bible teaches that no one should be baptized unless he:

  1. Learns the truth of God: “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them … Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you” (Matthew 28:19, 20).
  2. Believes the truth: “He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned” (Mark 16:16).
  3. Has repented: “Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins” (Acts 2:38).
  4. Has experienced conversion: “Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life…” (Romans 6:4-6).

Therefore, infants don’t qualify for baptism but can be dedicated to the Lord instead just as Jesus was dedicated by Joseph and Mary when he was a baby (Luke 2:21-24).

In His service,

BibleAsk Team

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