Did Jesus come in Adam’s unfallen nature?


By BibleAsk Team

To explore the question of whether Jesus came in Adam’s unfallen nature, it’s crucial to delve into the nature of Christ as presented in the Bible and the theological implications of the Incarnation. Central to Christian doctrine is the belief that Christ, the Son of God, became fully human while remaining fully divine. This exploration will examine biblical evidence and theological reasoning to affirm that Christ did not come in Adam’s unfallen nature but shared in our humanity, experiencing temptation and trials just as we do.

The Nature of Christ:

  1. The Incarnation: The Christian doctrine of the Incarnation asserts that the eternal Son of God took on human flesh, becoming fully human while retaining his divine nature (John 1:14; Philippians 2:5-8). This union of divine and human natures in the person of Christ is a mystery that transcends human understanding.
  2. Fully Human: Scripture affirms the genuine humanity of Christ. He was born of a woman, grew in wisdom and stature, experienced hunger, thirst, and fatigue, and displayed emotions such as sorrow and compassion (Luke 2:52; John 4:6; Matthew 4:2; John 11:35). As such, Jesus shared in the full range of human experiences.

Temptation and Trials:

  1. Hebrews 4:15: The author of Hebrews affirms that Christ “was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin” (Hebrews 4:15, NKJV). This verse emphasizes both the reality of Jesus’ temptations and his victory over sin. If Jesus had come in Adam’s unfallen nature, he would not have experienced genuine temptation as we do.
  2. Matthew 4:1-11: The temptation of Jesus in the wilderness provides a vivid example of his experience with temptation. Satan tempted Jesus with offers of power, prestige, and comfort, appealing to his human desires. Jesus responded with Scripture, demonstrating his reliance on the Word of God to overcome temptation.

Biblical Evidence:

  1. Philippians 2:5-8: Paul describes Jesus’ voluntary self-emptying and humility in taking on human form and likeness. This passage underscores the genuine humanity of Jesus, who willingly entered into our fallen condition to redeem humanity.
  2. Romans 8:3: Paul writes that God sent his Son “in the likeness of sinful flesh” (Romans 8:3, NKJV). This implies that Jesus’ human nature resembled fallen humanity, although he Himself chose to remain without sin.
  3. Romans 1:3: The Son of God “was made of the seed of David according to the flesh.”  
  4. Hebrews 2:14: Like all others, He inherited the nature of David after the flesh. But He did not yield to the inherent weaknesses of that nature. “For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same.”

Theological Implications:

  1. Impeccability vs. Peccability: The question of whether Jesus could have sinned (peccability) or was incapable of sinning (impeccability) is closely related to his human nature. While some theologians argue for Christ’s impeccability based on his divine nature, others maintain that his genuine humanity implies the possibility of temptation and moral choice.
  2. Redemptive Work: Jesus’ sinlessness qualified Him to serve as the perfect sacrifice for sin, offering Himself as the atoning sacrifice for humanity’s sins (2 Corinthians 5:21). His victory over temptation and sin enables believers to receive forgiveness and reconciliation with God.
  3. Perfect Example: The Son of God had no advantage over us in overcoming sin. He fought the enemy in the same nature and by the same spiritual weapons that are available to us. He became our example in everything and accepted the results of the law of heredity. And by being subject to our heredity, He was able to share our sorrows, trials, and demonstrate the way to a holy life.
  4. God’s Infinite Love: The Incarnation demonstrates God’s love and solidarity with humanity, as Jesus entered into our fallen condition to redeem and reconcile us to God. As the author of Hebrews declares, Jesus was “tempted as we are, yet without sin” (Hebrews 4:15, NKJV), ensuring his qualification to serve as our compassionate and faithful High Priest. Thus, the doctrine of Jesus’ genuine humanity underscores the depth of God’s love and the sufficiency of Christ’s atoning work for the salvation of humanity.
  5. Our Brother: Jesus did not take a sinless nature but He had the same nature that Abraham’s children possessed. He was tempted in the same way we are, yet He never once yielded to or entertained sin. He remained undefiled by sin and was always totally pure and holy. “Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God” (Hebrews 2:17).


In conclusion, the biblical evidence and theological reasoning affirm that Jesus did not come in Adam’s unfallen nature but shared in our humanity, experiencing temptation and trials just as we do. The Bible says, ”For both He who [a]sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren” (Hebrews 2:11). Brothers are of one flesh and family nature. “For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham” (Hebrews 2:16).

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In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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