Is it wrong not to have circumcision?

Author: BibleAsk Team


Circumcision holds significant theological and cultural importance in the Bible, particularly within the context of Judaism and the Abrahamic covenant. While the New Testament offers a new understanding of this rite in the light of Christ, the question of whether it is wrong not to have circumcision according to the Bible requires an exploration of biblical teachings. Let us examine the biblical perspectives on this rite, considering both Old and New Testament passages from the Bible.

Old Testament Perspective:

  1. Genesis 17:10-14 (NKJV): In this passage, God establishes circumcision as a sign of the covenant between Himself and Abraham and his descendants. God commands that every male child be circumcised on the eighth day of life, emphasizing the importance of this ritual as a mark of belonging to the covenant community.
  2. Leviticus 12:3 (NKJV): The practice of circumcision is reiterated in the Levitical law, which specifies that male children are to be circumcised on the eighth day after birth. Failure to undergo this ritual is regarded as a violation of God’s commandments and carries spiritual consequences.

New Testament Perspective:

  1. Acts 15:1-29 (NKJV): In the early Christian church, a debate arose concerning the necessity of circumcision for Gentile converts to Christianity. The Council of Jerusalem, as recorded in Acts 15, concluded that Gentile believers are not required to undergo this ritual for salvation. Instead, salvation is through faith in Jesus Christ, apart from adherence to Jewish ceremonial laws.
  2. Romans 2:25-29 (NKJV): The Apostle Paul addresses the significance of this rite in his letter to the Romans. He argues that true circumcision is not merely a physical ritual but a matter of the heart and spirit. Circumcision of the heart, characterized by faith and obedience, is what truly matters in God’s sight.

Interpretative Considerations:

  1. Cultural and Historical Context: Circumcision was a central aspect of Jewish identity and religious practice in the ancient Near East. It served as a physical sign of the covenant between God and the Jewish people, symbolizing obedience, consecration, and separation from other nations.
  2. Spiritual Symbolism: While circumcision had physical implications, it also carried spiritual symbolism in the Bible. It signified purification from sin, consecration to God, and membership in the covenant community. However, the New Testament presents a deeper understanding of this ritual as a matter of the heart and spirit rather than mere outward observance.

Application to Christians:

  1. Salvation by Grace through Faith: The New Testament teaches that salvation is not contingent upon adherence to specific rituals or laws, such as circumcision, but is based on God’s grace through faith in Jesus Christ. Believers are justified by faith, apart from works of the law (Romans 3:28).
  2. Circumcision of the Heart: This ritual is reinterpreted in the New Testament as a spiritual reality rather than a physical act. Believers are called to undergo a “circumcision of the heart” through repentance, faith, and obedience to God (Colossians 2:11).
  3. Application: Most Christian denominations are neutral about biblical male circumcision, neither requiring it, nor forbidding it. Since we are no longer under the Mosaic Law as Christians, this ritual is no longer a requirement to be among God’s people. This is clear in a number of New Testament passages, among which are the following: Acts 15; Galatians 2:1-3; 5:1-11; 6:11-16; 1 Corinthians 7:17-20; Colossians 2:8-12; Philippians 3:1-3.
  4. Health: Today, many physicians recommend circumcision for reasons of health and cleanliness. The American Academy of Pediatrics favors circumcision and states that the health benefits of it in newborn boys outweigh the risks. It has been shown that it can reduce the risk of urinary tract infections in infants and cut the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, syphilis, and human papillomavirus or HPV, which causes cervical cancer in females. The procedure can also reduce the risk of penile cancer. So, while a man is not physically obliged to be circumcised, the health benefits strongly encourage it.


In conclusion, while circumcision was a significant practice in the Old Testament as a sign of the covenant between God and the Jewish people, the New Testament offers a fresh perspective on its significance in light of Christ. While circumcision is not required for Gentile believers in the Christian faith, its spiritual symbolism remains relevant. Ultimately, what matters is not outward observance of rituals but inward transformation of the heart through faith in Jesus Christ.

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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