Biblical Books by Date


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The following is a comprehensive list of Biblical books by date or in chronological order based on authorship. This page is designed to provide an easy-to-follow, sequential list of the biblical texts, offering insights into their historical and theological contexts. Whether you’re a scholar, a student, or someone exploring the Bible for personal enrichment, this resource will help you understand the timeline of biblical events and writings.

Biblical Books by Date – Old Testament

  • Job: Possibly pre-dating the authoring of Genesis, but exact name/author unknown.
    • Time Period: Approx. 2000-1800 BC
    • Summary: A poetic dialogue exploring themes of suffering, righteousness, and God’s justice through the story of Job.
  • Genesis: Authored 1445-1405 BC
    • Time Period: Creation – 1800 BC
    • Summary: The book of beginnings, covering creation, the fall, the flood, and the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph.
  • Exodus: Authored 1445-1405 BC
    • Time Period: 1500 – 1400 BC
    • Summary: The story of Israel’s liberation from Egyptian slavery under Moses and the establishment of the covenant at Mount Sinai.
  • Leviticus: Authored 1445-1405 BC
    • Time Period: 1440 BC
    • Summary: Detailed laws regarding worship, sacrifices, and rituals for the Israelites.
  • Numbers: Authored 1445-1405 BC
    • Time Period: 1440 – 1400 BC
    • Summary: The journey of the Israelites in the wilderness and their preparation to enter the Promised Land.
  • Deuteronomy: Authored 1445-1405 BC
    • Time Period: 1400 BC
    • Summary: Moses’ speeches revisiting the laws and covenant as the Israelites prepare to enter Canaan.
  • Psalms: Authored 1410-450 BC
  • Joshua: Authored 1405-1385 BC
    • Time Period: 1400 – 1370 BC
    • Summary: The conquest and settlement of the Promised Land under Joshua’s leadership.
  • Judges: Authored 1043 BC
    • Time Period: 1370 – 1050 BC
    • Summary: The cycles of Israel’s apostasy, oppression, and deliverance through judges.
  • Ruth: Authored 1030-1010 BC
    • Time Period: 1100 BC
    • Summary: The story of loyalty and redemption set during the time of the judges, focusing on Ruth, a Moabite widow.
  • Song of Songs: Authored 971-965 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Song of Solomon is a poetic and sensual dialogue celebrating the passionate love between a bride and her groom, symbolizing the beauty and intensity of romantic love.
  • Proverbs: Authored 971-686 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Proverbs offers practical wisdom and moral guidance through a collection of sayings and teachings, emphasizing the fear of the Lord, diligence, and discernment in everyday life.
  • Ecclesiastes: Authored 940-931 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Ecclesiastes reflects on the futility of human endeavors and the search for meaning, ultimately advocating for a life of reverence toward God amidst the uncertainties of existence.
  • 1 Samuel: Authored 931-722 BC
    • Time Period: 1100 – 1010 BC
    • Summary: The life of Samuel, the rise and fall of King Saul, and the anointing of David as king.
  • 2 Samuel: Authored 931-722 BC
    • Time Period: 1010 – 970 BC
    • Summary: The reign of King David, his military conquests, personal failures, and the establishment of Jerusalem as the political and spiritual center.
  • Obadiah: Authored 850-840 BC
    • Time Period: 850-840 BCC
    • Summary: The Book of Obadiah prophesies the downfall of Edom due to its arrogance and mistreatment of Israel, while promising deliverance and restoration for the people of Judah.
  • Joel: Authored 835-796 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Joel prophesies a devastating locust plague as a metaphor for divine judgment, calls for national repentance, and promises future restoration and blessings from God.
  • Jonah: Authored 775 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Jonah recounts the prophet’s reluctant mission to Nineveh, highlighting God’s mercy toward repentant sinners and Jonah’s journey of spiritual growth.
  • Amos: Authored 750 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Amos delivers messages of social justice and warnings of impending judgment to Israel and neighboring nations, emphasizing the importance of ethical living and genuine worship.
  • Hosea: Authored 750-710 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Hosea portrays God’s faithful love through the prophet’s tumultuous marriage, symbolizing Israel’s unfaithfulness and God’s enduring commitment to reconcile with His people.
  • Micah: Authored 735-710 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Micah condemns social injustices and idolatry while offering hope through the promise of a future Messianic ruler from Bethlehem.
  • Isaiah: Authored 700-681 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Isaiah contains prophecies of judgment against sin and nations, alongside promises of restoration, emphasizing God’s sovereignty and faithfulness.
  • Nahum: Authored 650 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Nahum declares the impending downfall of Nineveh due to its wickedness and cruelty, illustrating God’s justice and protection of His people.
  • Zephaniah: Authored 635-625 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Zephaniah warns of God’s judgment on Judah and other nations, yet holds out hope for a remnant who will seek righteousness and humility.
  • Habakkuk: Authored 615-605 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Habakkuk records the prophet’s dialogue with God regarding injustice and God’s mysterious ways, culminating in a declaration of trust and faith.
  • Ezekiel: Authored 590-570 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Ezekiel presents visions and prophecies concerning the exile, restoration, and future glory of Israel, emphasizing God’s sovereignty and holiness.
  • Lamentations: Authored 586 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Lamentations mourns the destruction of Jerusalem, expressing profound grief and anguish while seeking hope in God’s faithfulness.
  • Jeremiah: Authored 586-570 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Jeremiah prophesies judgment on Judah for its unfaithfulness, yet offers hope through promises of restoration and a new covenant with God.
  • 1 Kings: Authored 561-538 BC
    • Time Period: 970 – 853 BC
    • Summary: The reign of Solomon, the division of the kingdom, and the subsequent kings of Israel and Judah.
  • 2 Kings: Authored 561-538 BC
    • Time Period: 853 – 586 BC
    • Summary: The continuation of the history of the divided kingdoms, leading to the fall of Israel to Assyria and Judah to Babylon.
  • Daniel: Authored 536-530 BC
    • Time Period:
    • Summary: The Book of Daniel narrates the experiences of Daniel and his friends in Babylon, showcasing their faithfulness amidst trials and God’s sovereignty over history and kingdoms.
  • Haggai: Authored 520 BC
    • Time Period: 520 BC
    • Summary: Encouragement to rebuild the temple after the return from exile.
  • Zechariah: Authored 480-470 BC
    • Time Period: 520 – 518 BC
    • Summary: Prophecies encouraging the completion of the temple and future messianic expectations.
  • Ezra: Authored 457-444 BC
    • Time Period: 538 – 450 BC
    • Summary: The return of the exiles from Babylon and the rebuilding of the temple.
  • 1 Chronicles: Authored 450-430 BC
    • Time Period: Covers events from creation to 970 BC
    • Summary: A retelling of Israel’s history with a focus on David’s reign and the temple.
  • 2 Chronicles: Authored 450-430 BC
    • Time Period: 970 – 538 BC
    • Summary: The history of Judah’s kings from Solomon to the Babylonian exile, emphasizing the temple and religious reforms.
  • Esther: Authored 450-331 BC
    • Time Period: 483 – 473 BC
    • Summary: The story of Esther, a Jewish queen of Persia, who saves her people from genocide.
  • Malachi: Authored 433-424 BC
    • Time Period: 430 BC
    • Summary: A call to repentance and fidelity to God’s covenant.
  • Nehemiah: Authored 424-400 BC
    • Time Period: 445 – 420 BC
    • Summary: The rebuilding of Jerusalem’s walls and the reestablishment of the Jewish community.

Biblical Books by Date – New Testament

  • James: Authored AD 44-49
    • Time Period: AD 45 – 49
    • Summary: Practical teachings on Christian living and faith in action.
  • Galatians: Authored AD 49-50
    • Time Period: AD 49 – 50
    • Summary: Paul’s defense of justification by faith and freedom from the Law.
  • Mark: Authored AD 50-60
    • Time Period: 4 BC – 33AD
    • Summary: The life, ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
  • Matthew: Authored AD 50-60
    • Time Period: 4 BC – 33AD
    • Summary: The life of Jesus, emphasizing his role as the Messiah and fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies.
  • 1 Thessalonians: Authored AD 51
    • Time Period: AD 51
    • Summary: Encouragement and teachings about the return of Christ.
  • 2 Thessalonians: Authored AD 51-52
    • Time Period: AD 51 – 52
    • Summary: Further teachings on the end times and encouragement in persecution.
  • 1 Corinthians: Authored AD 55
    • Time Period: AD 55
    • Summary: Addressing divisions, immorality, and issues within the Corinthian church.
  • 2 Corinthians: Authored AD 55-56
    • Time Period: AD 55 – 56
    • Summary: Paul’s defense of his apostleship and encouragement to the Corinthian believers.
  • Romans: Authored AD 56 or 57
    • Time Period: AD 56 or 57
    • Summary: A comprehensive explanation of the gospel, righteousness, and faith.
  • Luke: Authored AD 60-61
    • Time Period: 4 BC – 33AD
    • Summary: A detailed account of Jesus’ life, with a focus on his compassion and inclusiveness.
  • Ephesians: Authored AD 60-62
    • Time Period: AD 60
    • Summary: Teachings on the church, unity in Christ, and Christian living.
  • Philippians: Authored AD 60-62
    • Time Period: AD 60 – 62
    • Summary: Joy and encouragement amidst suffering, with emphasis on humility and unity.
  • Philemon: Authored AD 60-62
    • Time Period: AD 60 – 62
    • Summary: A personal letter urging forgiveness and reconciliation.
  • Colossians: Authored AD 60-62
    • Time Period: AD 60 – 62
    • Summary: The supremacy of Christ and instructions for Christian living.
  • Acts: Authored AD 62
    • Time Period: AD 33-80
    • Summary: The history of the early church and the spread of the gospel.
  • 1 Timothy: Authored AD 62-64
    • Time Period: AD 62 – 64
    • Summary: Instructions for church leadership and sound teaching.
  • Titus: Authored AD 62-64
    • Time Period: AD 62 – 64
    • Summary: Guidelines for church organization and Christian conduct.
  • 1 Peter: Authored AD 64-65
    • Time Period: AD 64 – 65
    • Summary: Encouragement and guidance for Christians facing persecution.
  • 2 Timothy: Authored AD 66-67
    • Time Period: AD 66 – 67
    • Summary: Paul’s final exhortations to Timothy to remain faithful.
  • 2 Peter: Authored AD 67-68
    • Time Period: AD 65 – 68
    • Summary: Warnings against false teachers and encouragement to grow in faith.
  • Hebrews: Authored AD 67-69
    • Time Period: AD 67 – 69
    • Summary: The superiority of Christ and encouragement to remain faithful.
  • Jude: Authored AD 68-70
    • Time Period: AD 65 – 80
    • Summary: A call to contend for the faith against false teachings.
  • John: Authored AD 80-90
    • Time Period: 4 BC – 33AD
    • Summary: The life of Jesus, emphasizing his divinity and relationship with the Father.
  • 1 John: Authored AD 90-95
    • Time Period: AD 90 – 95
    • Summary: Assurance of salvation, love, and fellowship in Christ.
  • 2 John: Authored AD 90-95
    • Time Period: AD 90 – 95
    • Summary: A short letter about walking in truth and love.
  • 3 John: Authored AD 90-95
    • Time Period: AD 90 – 95
    • Summary: A personal letter about hospitality and support for Christian workers.
  • Revelation: Authored AD 94-96
    • Time Period: AD 95 – 96
    • Summary: A prophetic vision of the end times, the return of Christ, and the ultimate victory of good over evil.

This chronological order of Biblical Books by Date helps to contextualize the events and teachings of the Bible, allowing for a deeper understanding of its narrative and historical background.