Does the Bible allow women to rule over men?

Hello J,

Thank you for contacting BibleAsk.

The Bible does not teach that women may rule over men. The texts of Genesis 2:7 and 2:18-24 teach us that man was made first, and then the woman was made to be man’s helper and companion. Paul appeals to the creation account and gives his first reason for the headship of men, “For Adam was formed first, then Eve” (1 Tim. 2:13).

The Apostle Paul teaches that God has decreed that the order of authority be as follows: God-Christ-Man-Woman: “But I would have you to know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God” (1 Cor. 11:3).  And he adds, “For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man. Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man” (1 Cor. 11:8-9).

The subordination of Eve to Adam following the entrance of sin in no way reflected dishonor on her, but was intended to bring harmony and to contribute to her fullest happiness (Gen. 3:16). As the husband is the head of the home, so he is the natural leader of a group of homes in a church congregation.

Then, the apostle gives his second reason for the submissiveness of women “And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression” (V. 14). Why Eve could be deceived by Satan, in the full light of God’s explicit command, is beyond rational explanation. Because of this tragic event, Paul sees added reason for counseling converted women not to attempt “to usurp authority over the man.”

There are three primary institutions established by the Lord for human affairs. These are the family, the church, and the state. In each of these governments, God has commanded that men bear rule. The man has headship in the family (Eph. 5:22-24), the church (1 Tim. 2:11-14; 1 Cor. 14:34-35), and also by implication in the state as well (1 Cor. 11:3; Ex. 18:21).

In Isaiah 3:12, the prophet laments the apostate condition of Israel saying: “As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them…” It is important that Christians should labor to restore God’s order for the family, the church, and the state.

In His service,

ProofDirectory Team


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