Are God’s Law and Moses’ Law the same?

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The Scriptures teach that there are two separate and distinct laws – God’s law and Moses law. Let’s examine some references:

1-Moses wrote, “And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform even ten commandments, and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. And the Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statues and judgments, that ye might do them in the land wither ye go over to posses it” (Deuteronomy 4:13,14). Here, Moses separate between the Ten Commandments, which “he commanded you,” from the statues which “the Lord commanded me” to give the people.

2-Again, the Lord spoke of the law “I have commanded” and also the “law … Moses commanded”: “Neither will I make the feet of Israel move anymore out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them” (2 Kings 21:8). 

3-Also, Daniel gave the same distinction when he prayed for the desolated sanctuary of his nation. “Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law , even by departing , that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is purged upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God because we have sinned against him” (Daniel 9:11). We can see clearly the phrases “they law” and “the law of Moses.” 

Please note the differences between the two laws:

MOSES’ LAWGOD’S LAW
Called “the law of Moses” (Luke 2:22).Called “the law of the Lord” (Isaiah 5:24).
Called “law … contained in ordinances” (Ephesians 2:15).Called “the royal law” (James 2:8).
Written by Moses in a book (2 Chronicles 35:12).Written by God on stone (Exodus 31:18 32:16).
Placed in the side of the ark (Deuteronomy 31:26).Placed inside the ark (Exodus 40:20).
Ended at the cross (Ephesians 2:15).Will stand forever (Luke 16:17).
Added because of sin (Galatians 3:19).Points out sin (Romans 7:7 3:20).
Contrary to us, against us (Colossians 2:14-16).Not grievous (1 John 5:3).
Judges no one (Colossians 2:14-16).Judges all people (James 2:10-12).
Carnal (Hebrews 7:16).Spiritual (Romans 7:14).
Made nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:19).Perfect (Psalms 19:7).

Moses’ law was the temporary, ceremonial law of the Old Testament. It regulated the priesthood, sacrifices, rituals, meat and drink offerings, etc., all of which foreshadowed the cross. This law was added “till the seed should come,” and that seed was Christ (Galatians 3:16, 19). The ritual ceremonies and sacrifices of the Moses’ law pointed forward to Christ’s sacrifice. When He died, this law came to an end. The yearly feasts (which were also called sabbaths) or holidays of Leviticus 23 were nailed to the Cross (Colossians 2:16).

God’s law has existed at least as long as sin has existed. The Bible says, “Where no law is, there is no transgression [or sin]” (Romans 4:15). So, God’s Ten Commandment law existed from the beginning. Men broke that law (sinned, 1 John 3:4). Because of sin (or breaking God’s law), Moses’ law was given (or “added” Galatians 3:16, 19) till Christ should come and die. The Ten Commandments (God’s law) “stand fast for ever and ever” (Psalms 111:8). The weekly seventh-day Sabbath of the fourth commandment remains today (Matthew 5:17,18; Luke 16:17; Romans 7:12).

Paul confirms that God’s Moral Law is still in effect: “What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet” (Romans 7:7); “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law?” (Romans 3:31).

In His service,
BibleAsk Team

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