Moses’ law was the temporary, ceremonial law of the Old Testament. It regulated the priesthood, sacrifices, rituals, meat and drink offerings, etc., all of which foreshadowed the cross. Moses’ law was added “till the seed should come,” and that seed was Christ (Galatians 3:16, 19). The ritual ceremonies and sacrifices of the Moses’ law pointed forward to Christ’s sacrifice. When He died, this law came to an end. The yearly feasts (which were also called sabbaths) or holidays of Leviticus 23 were nailed to the Cross (Colossians 2:16). That there are two laws is made crystal clear in Daniel 9:10, 11.
God’s law has existed at least as long as sin has existed. The Bible says, “Where no law is, there is no transgression [or sin]” (Romans 4:15). So, God’s Ten Commandment law existed from the beginning. Men broke that law (sinned, 1 John 3:4). Because of sin (or breaking God’s law), Moses’ law was given (or “added” Galatians 3:16, 19) till Christ should come and die. The Ten Commandments (God’s law) “stand fast for ever and ever” (Psalms 111:8). The weekly seventh-day Sabbath of the fourth commandment remains today (Matthew 5:17,18; Luke 16:17; Romans 7:12).
God’s law and Moses’ law:
|MOSES’ LAW||GOD’S LAW|
|Called “the law of Moses” (Luke 2:22).||Called “the law of the Lord” (Isaiah 5:24).|
|Called “law … contained in ordinances” (Ephesians 2:15).||Called “the royal law” (James 2:8).|
|Written by Moses in a book (2 Chronicles 35:12).||Written by God on stone (Exodus 31:18 32:16).|
|Placed in the side of the ark (Deuteronomy 31:26).||Placed inside the ark (Exodus 40:20).|
|Ended at the cross (Ephesians 2:15).||Will stand forever (Luke 16:17).|
|Added because of sin (Galatians 3:19).||Points out sin (Romans 7:7 3:20).|
|Contrary to us, against us (Colossians 2:14-16).||Not grievous (1 John 5:3).|
|Judges no one (Colossians 2:14-16).||Judges all people (James 2:10-12).|
|Carnal (Hebrews 7:16).||Spiritual (Romans 7:14).|
|Made nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:19).||Perfect (Psalms 19:7).|
Paul confirms that God’s Moral Law is still in effect: “What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet” (Romans 7:7); “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law?” (Romans 3:31).
In His service,